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Biomass derived palygorskite-carbon nanocomposites: Synthesis, characterisation and affinity to dye compounds

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Biomass derived palygorskite-carbon nanocomposites : Synthesis, characterisation and affinity to dye compounds. / Sarkar, Binoy; Liu, Erming; McClure, Stuart; Sundaramurthy, Jayaraman; Srinivasan, Madapusi; Naidu, Ravi.

In: Applied Clay Science, Vol. 114, 01.09.2015, p. 617-626.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Sarkar, B, Liu, E, McClure, S, Sundaramurthy, J, Srinivasan, M & Naidu, R 2015, 'Biomass derived palygorskite-carbon nanocomposites: Synthesis, characterisation and affinity to dye compounds', Applied Clay Science, vol. 114, pp. 617-626. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2015.07.001

APA

Sarkar, B., Liu, E., McClure, S., Sundaramurthy, J., Srinivasan, M., & Naidu, R. (2015). Biomass derived palygorskite-carbon nanocomposites: Synthesis, characterisation and affinity to dye compounds. Applied Clay Science, 114, 617-626. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2015.07.001

Vancouver

Sarkar B, Liu E, McClure S, Sundaramurthy J, Srinivasan M, Naidu R. Biomass derived palygorskite-carbon nanocomposites: Synthesis, characterisation and affinity to dye compounds. Applied Clay Science. 2015 Sep 1;114:617-626. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clay.2015.07.001

Author

Sarkar, Binoy ; Liu, Erming ; McClure, Stuart ; Sundaramurthy, Jayaraman ; Srinivasan, Madapusi ; Naidu, Ravi. / Biomass derived palygorskite-carbon nanocomposites : Synthesis, characterisation and affinity to dye compounds. In: Applied Clay Science. 2015 ; Vol. 114. pp. 617-626.

Bibtex

@article{90f5378d50d84b40914254ed6c917b17,
title = "Biomass derived palygorskite-carbon nanocomposites: Synthesis, characterisation and affinity to dye compounds",
abstract = "Clay minerals can act as a uniform dispersion medium for nano-sized carbon particles. However, literature on the preparation and characteristics of palygorskite-carbon nanocomposites is scant. Using a hydrothermal carbonisation technique this study developed two nanocomposites on fibrous palygorskite from starch: the first without a post-synthesis treatment (Composite 1); and the second with an activation at 550°C for 3h (ramp at 10°Cmin-1) under CO2 environment (200mLmin-1) (Composite 2). A uniform dispersion of nano-scale carbon spheres was formed on partially destroyed palygorskite structures. Composite 2, which indicated the formation of graphitised carbon nanoparticles, generated a 17-fold greater specific surface area than Composite 1 and also created micro- and mesopores in its structure. The nanocomposites, especially in Composite 1, contained organic surface functional groups (CH, CC, CO) and indicated variable affinity to cationic and anionic dye compounds. While Composite 2 adsorbed a larger amount of anionic orange II dye (23mgg-1), Composite 1 adsorbed more cationic methylene blue (46.3mgg-1). Isothermal and kinetic modelling of the adsorption data indicated that in addition to electrostatic attraction for methylene blue adsorption on both nanocomposites, a pore diffusion mechanism was involved and the boundary resistance was greater for orange II than methylene blue adsorption. Being a material developed from green biomass (starch) and an abundant natural resource (palygorskite), these nanocomposites have immense potential for application in environmental remediation including in situ immobilisation of contaminants in soil.",
keywords = "Adsorption, Graphitised carbon, Mesopores, Nanocomposite, Palygorskite, Pore diffusion",
author = "Binoy Sarkar and Erming Liu and Stuart McClure and Jayaraman Sundaramurthy and Madapusi Srinivasan and Ravi Naidu",
year = "2015",
month = sep,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.clay.2015.07.001",
language = "English",
volume = "114",
pages = "617--626",
journal = "Applied Clay Science",
issn = "0169-1317",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biomass derived palygorskite-carbon nanocomposites

T2 - Synthesis, characterisation and affinity to dye compounds

AU - Sarkar, Binoy

AU - Liu, Erming

AU - McClure, Stuart

AU - Sundaramurthy, Jayaraman

AU - Srinivasan, Madapusi

AU - Naidu, Ravi

PY - 2015/9/1

Y1 - 2015/9/1

N2 - Clay minerals can act as a uniform dispersion medium for nano-sized carbon particles. However, literature on the preparation and characteristics of palygorskite-carbon nanocomposites is scant. Using a hydrothermal carbonisation technique this study developed two nanocomposites on fibrous palygorskite from starch: the first without a post-synthesis treatment (Composite 1); and the second with an activation at 550°C for 3h (ramp at 10°Cmin-1) under CO2 environment (200mLmin-1) (Composite 2). A uniform dispersion of nano-scale carbon spheres was formed on partially destroyed palygorskite structures. Composite 2, which indicated the formation of graphitised carbon nanoparticles, generated a 17-fold greater specific surface area than Composite 1 and also created micro- and mesopores in its structure. The nanocomposites, especially in Composite 1, contained organic surface functional groups (CH, CC, CO) and indicated variable affinity to cationic and anionic dye compounds. While Composite 2 adsorbed a larger amount of anionic orange II dye (23mgg-1), Composite 1 adsorbed more cationic methylene blue (46.3mgg-1). Isothermal and kinetic modelling of the adsorption data indicated that in addition to electrostatic attraction for methylene blue adsorption on both nanocomposites, a pore diffusion mechanism was involved and the boundary resistance was greater for orange II than methylene blue adsorption. Being a material developed from green biomass (starch) and an abundant natural resource (palygorskite), these nanocomposites have immense potential for application in environmental remediation including in situ immobilisation of contaminants in soil.

AB - Clay minerals can act as a uniform dispersion medium for nano-sized carbon particles. However, literature on the preparation and characteristics of palygorskite-carbon nanocomposites is scant. Using a hydrothermal carbonisation technique this study developed two nanocomposites on fibrous palygorskite from starch: the first without a post-synthesis treatment (Composite 1); and the second with an activation at 550°C for 3h (ramp at 10°Cmin-1) under CO2 environment (200mLmin-1) (Composite 2). A uniform dispersion of nano-scale carbon spheres was formed on partially destroyed palygorskite structures. Composite 2, which indicated the formation of graphitised carbon nanoparticles, generated a 17-fold greater specific surface area than Composite 1 and also created micro- and mesopores in its structure. The nanocomposites, especially in Composite 1, contained organic surface functional groups (CH, CC, CO) and indicated variable affinity to cationic and anionic dye compounds. While Composite 2 adsorbed a larger amount of anionic orange II dye (23mgg-1), Composite 1 adsorbed more cationic methylene blue (46.3mgg-1). Isothermal and kinetic modelling of the adsorption data indicated that in addition to electrostatic attraction for methylene blue adsorption on both nanocomposites, a pore diffusion mechanism was involved and the boundary resistance was greater for orange II than methylene blue adsorption. Being a material developed from green biomass (starch) and an abundant natural resource (palygorskite), these nanocomposites have immense potential for application in environmental remediation including in situ immobilisation of contaminants in soil.

KW - Adsorption

KW - Graphitised carbon

KW - Mesopores

KW - Nanocomposite

KW - Palygorskite

KW - Pore diffusion

U2 - 10.1016/j.clay.2015.07.001

DO - 10.1016/j.clay.2015.07.001

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:84937134845

VL - 114

SP - 617

EP - 626

JO - Applied Clay Science

JF - Applied Clay Science

SN - 0169-1317

ER -