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Blinded by the accent!: the minor role of looks in ethnic categorization

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Blinded by the accent! the minor role of looks in ethnic categorization. / Rakić, Tamara; Steffens, Melanie C.; Mummendey, Amelie.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 100, No. 1, 01.2011, p. 16-29.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Rakić, T, Steffens, MC & Mummendey, A 2011, 'Blinded by the accent! the minor role of looks in ethnic categorization', Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 100, no. 1, pp. 16-29. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021522

APA

Rakić, T., Steffens, M. C., & Mummendey, A. (2011). Blinded by the accent! the minor role of looks in ethnic categorization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100(1), 16-29. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021522

Vancouver

Rakić T, Steffens MC, Mummendey A. Blinded by the accent! the minor role of looks in ethnic categorization. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2011 Jan;100(1):16-29. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0021522

Author

Rakić, Tamara ; Steffens, Melanie C. ; Mummendey, Amelie. / Blinded by the accent! the minor role of looks in ethnic categorization. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2011 ; Vol. 100, No. 1. pp. 16-29.

Bibtex

@article{14a94b193f8f40948b28c238559be624,
title = "Blinded by the accent!: the minor role of looks in ethnic categorization",
abstract = "The categories that social targets belong to are often activated automatically. Most studies investigating social categorization have used visual stimuli or verbal labels, whereas ethnolinguistic identity theory posits that language is an essential dimension of ethnic identity. Language should therefore be used for social categorization. In 2 experiments, using the {"}Who Said What?{"} paradigm, the authors investigated social categorization by using accents (auditory stimuli) and looks (visual stimuli) to indicate ethnicity, either separately or in combination. Given either looks or accents only, the authors demonstrated that ethnic categorization can be based on accents, and the authors found a similar degree of ethnic categorization by accents and looks. When ethnic cues of looks and accents were combined by creating cross categories, there was a clear predominance of accents as meaningful cues for categorization, as shown in the respective parameters of a multinomial model. The present findings are discussed with regard to the generalizability of findings using one channel of presentation (e.g., visual) and the asymmetry found with different presentation channels for the category ethnicity.",
keywords = "ethnolinguistic identity theory, SOCIAL CATEGORIZATION, LANGUAGE, accents, ORGANIZING PRINCIPLE, IDENTITY, VOICE, INGROUP PROJECTION, {"}Who said what?{"} paradigm, CATEGORY, MODEL, multinomial model, RACE, social categorization, PERSON MEMORY",
author = "Tamara Raki{\'c} and Steffens, {Melanie C.} and Amelie Mummendey",
year = "2011",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1037/a0021522",
language = "English",
volume = "100",
pages = "16--29",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "AMER PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOC",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Blinded by the accent!

T2 - the minor role of looks in ethnic categorization

AU - Rakić, Tamara

AU - Steffens, Melanie C.

AU - Mummendey, Amelie

PY - 2011/1

Y1 - 2011/1

N2 - The categories that social targets belong to are often activated automatically. Most studies investigating social categorization have used visual stimuli or verbal labels, whereas ethnolinguistic identity theory posits that language is an essential dimension of ethnic identity. Language should therefore be used for social categorization. In 2 experiments, using the "Who Said What?" paradigm, the authors investigated social categorization by using accents (auditory stimuli) and looks (visual stimuli) to indicate ethnicity, either separately or in combination. Given either looks or accents only, the authors demonstrated that ethnic categorization can be based on accents, and the authors found a similar degree of ethnic categorization by accents and looks. When ethnic cues of looks and accents were combined by creating cross categories, there was a clear predominance of accents as meaningful cues for categorization, as shown in the respective parameters of a multinomial model. The present findings are discussed with regard to the generalizability of findings using one channel of presentation (e.g., visual) and the asymmetry found with different presentation channels for the category ethnicity.

AB - The categories that social targets belong to are often activated automatically. Most studies investigating social categorization have used visual stimuli or verbal labels, whereas ethnolinguistic identity theory posits that language is an essential dimension of ethnic identity. Language should therefore be used for social categorization. In 2 experiments, using the "Who Said What?" paradigm, the authors investigated social categorization by using accents (auditory stimuli) and looks (visual stimuli) to indicate ethnicity, either separately or in combination. Given either looks or accents only, the authors demonstrated that ethnic categorization can be based on accents, and the authors found a similar degree of ethnic categorization by accents and looks. When ethnic cues of looks and accents were combined by creating cross categories, there was a clear predominance of accents as meaningful cues for categorization, as shown in the respective parameters of a multinomial model. The present findings are discussed with regard to the generalizability of findings using one channel of presentation (e.g., visual) and the asymmetry found with different presentation channels for the category ethnicity.

KW - ethnolinguistic identity theory

KW - SOCIAL CATEGORIZATION

KW - LANGUAGE

KW - accents

KW - ORGANIZING PRINCIPLE

KW - IDENTITY

KW - VOICE

KW - INGROUP PROJECTION

KW - "Who said what?" paradigm

KW - CATEGORY

KW - MODEL

KW - multinomial model

KW - RACE

KW - social categorization

KW - PERSON MEMORY

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78751536856&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/a0021522

DO - 10.1037/a0021522

M3 - Journal article

VL - 100

SP - 16

EP - 29

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 1

ER -