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Burst transmission symbol synchronization in the presence of cycle slip arising from different clock frequencies

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Article number3
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>31/01/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing
Number of pages11
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date8/01/18
<mark>Original language</mark>English


In digital communication systems, different clock frequencies of transmitter and receiver usually are translated into cycle slips. Receivers and transmitters may experience different sampling frequencies due to manufacturing imperfection, Doppler effect introduced by channel or having error in estimation of symbol rate. Timing synchronization in presence of cycle slip for a burst sequence of received information leads to severe degradation in system’s performance. Therefore, the necessity of prior detection and elimination of cycle slip is obvious. Accordingly, the main idea introduced in this paper is to employ the Gardner detector (GaD) not only to recover a fixed timing offset, but also its output is processed such that drifts can be estimated and corrected. By deriving a two-step algorithm, first the cycle slips arising from symbol rate offset is eliminated, and then symbol’s timing offset is synchronized in an iterative manner. GaD structure is used in a feedforward structure with the additional benefit that convergence and stability problems, which are typical challenges of the systems with feedback, are avoided. The proposed algorithm is able to compensate considerable symbol rate offsets at the receiver side. Results in terms of BER confirm the algorithm’s proficiency.