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Camera-based window-opening estimation in a naturally ventilated office

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • Leonidas Bourikas
  • Enrico Costanza
  • Stephanie Gauthier
  • Patrick James
  • Jacob Kittley-Davies
  • Carmine Ornaghi
  • Alexander Rogers
  • Elham Saadatian
  • Yitong Huang
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>28/10/2016
<mark>Journal</mark>Building Research & Information
Issue number2
Number of pages16
Pages (from-to)148-163
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Naturally ventilated offices enable users to control their environment through the opening of windows. Whilst this level of control is welcomed by users it creates risk in terms of energy performance, especially during the heating season. In older office buildings, facilities managers usually obtain energy information at the building level. They are often unaware or unable to respond to non-ideal facade interaction by users often as a result of poor environmental control provision. In the summer months, this may mean poor use of free cooling opportunities, whereas in the winter, space heating may be wasteful. This paper describes a low cost, camera based system to automatically diagnose the status of each window (open or closed) in a facade. The system is shown to achieve a window status prediction accuracy level of 90%-97% across both winter and summer test periods in a case study building. A number of limitations are discussed including winter daylight hours, impact of rain and the use of fixed camera locations and how these may be addressed. Options to use this window opening information to engage with office users are explored.