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Carbide dissolution in bearing steels

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

<mark>Journal publication date</mark>02/2013
<mark>Journal</mark>Computational Materials Science
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)364-372
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The conditions leading to precipitate dissolution in a variety of bearing steels are studied. Computational thermodynamics and kinetics are employed to determine the microstructural effects leading to precipitate instability, and further dissolution. It is found that there exists a characteristic threshold value of the driving force that induces dissolution and that carbon migration from cementite towards the dislocation strain fields can play a dominant role. Microstructures not fully precipitated and far from their equilibrium volume fraction appear to be much more stable than their fully developed counterparts. An explanation to the occurrence of lenticular carbides engulfing white etching bands and areas is provided. It is discussed how dislocation development and migration in the neighbourhood of ferrite/carbide interfaces control carbide dissolution.