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Carnivore hotspots in Peninsular Malaysia and their landscape attributes

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Carnivore hotspots in Peninsular Malaysia and their landscape attributes. / Ratnayeke, Shyamala; van Manen, Frank T.; Clements, Gopalasamy Reuben et al.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 13, No. 4, e0194217, 04.04.2018.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Ratnayeke, S, van Manen, FT, Clements, GR, Kulaimi, NAM & Sharp, SP 2018, 'Carnivore hotspots in Peninsular Malaysia and their landscape attributes', PLoS ONE, vol. 13, no. 4, e0194217. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0194217

APA

Ratnayeke, S., van Manen, F. T., Clements, G. R., Kulaimi, N. A. M., & Sharp, S. P. (2018). Carnivore hotspots in Peninsular Malaysia and their landscape attributes. PLoS ONE, 13(4), [e0194217]. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0194217

Vancouver

Ratnayeke S, van Manen FT, Clements GR, Kulaimi NAM, Sharp SP. Carnivore hotspots in Peninsular Malaysia and their landscape attributes. PLoS ONE. 2018 Apr 4;13(4):e0194217. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0194217

Author

Ratnayeke, Shyamala ; van Manen, Frank T. ; Clements, Gopalasamy Reuben et al. / Carnivore hotspots in Peninsular Malaysia and their landscape attributes. In: PLoS ONE. 2018 ; Vol. 13, No. 4.

Bibtex

@article{162d774fb3d04a5aa14d1f72dd8744a9,
title = "Carnivore hotspots in Peninsular Malaysia and their landscape attributes",
abstract = "Mammalian carnivores play a vital role in ecosystem functioning. However, they are prone to extinction because of low population densities and growth rates, and high levels of persecution or exploitation. In tropical biodiversity hotspots such as Peninsular Malaysia, rapid conversion of natural habitats threatens the persistence of this vulnerable group of animals. Here, we carried out the first comprehensive literature review on 31 carnivore species reported to occur in Peninsular Malaysia and updated their probable distribution. We georeferenced 375 observations of 28 species of carnivore from 89 unique geographic locations using records spanning 1948 to 2014. Using the Getis-Ord Gi*statistic and weighted survey records by IUCN Red List status, we identified hotspots of species that were of conservation concern and built regression models to identify environmental and anthropogenic landscape factors associated with Getis-Ord Gi* z scores. Our analyses identified two carnivore hotspots that were spatially concordant with two of the peninsula{\textquoteright}s largest and most contiguous forest complexes, associated with Taman Negara National Park and Royal Belum State Park. A cold spot overlapped with the southwestern region of the Peninsula, reflecting the disappearance of carnivores with higher conservation rankings from increasingly fragmented natural habitats. Getis-Ord Gi* z scores were negatively associated with elevation, and positively associated with the proportion of natural land cover and distance from the capital city. Malaysia contains some of the world{\textquoteright}s most diverse carnivore assemblages, but recent rates of forest loss are some of the highest in the world. Reducing poaching and maintaining large, contiguous tracts of lowland forests will be crucial, not only for the persistence of threatened carnivores, but for many mammalian species in general.",
author = "Shyamala Ratnayeke and {van Manen}, {Frank T.} and Clements, {Gopalasamy Reuben} and Kulaimi, {Noor Azleen Mohd} and Sharp, {Stuart Peter}",
year = "2018",
month = apr,
day = "4",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0194217",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
journal = "PLoS ONE",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Carnivore hotspots in Peninsular Malaysia and their landscape attributes

AU - Ratnayeke, Shyamala

AU - van Manen, Frank T.

AU - Clements, Gopalasamy Reuben

AU - Kulaimi, Noor Azleen Mohd

AU - Sharp, Stuart Peter

PY - 2018/4/4

Y1 - 2018/4/4

N2 - Mammalian carnivores play a vital role in ecosystem functioning. However, they are prone to extinction because of low population densities and growth rates, and high levels of persecution or exploitation. In tropical biodiversity hotspots such as Peninsular Malaysia, rapid conversion of natural habitats threatens the persistence of this vulnerable group of animals. Here, we carried out the first comprehensive literature review on 31 carnivore species reported to occur in Peninsular Malaysia and updated their probable distribution. We georeferenced 375 observations of 28 species of carnivore from 89 unique geographic locations using records spanning 1948 to 2014. Using the Getis-Ord Gi*statistic and weighted survey records by IUCN Red List status, we identified hotspots of species that were of conservation concern and built regression models to identify environmental and anthropogenic landscape factors associated with Getis-Ord Gi* z scores. Our analyses identified two carnivore hotspots that were spatially concordant with two of the peninsula’s largest and most contiguous forest complexes, associated with Taman Negara National Park and Royal Belum State Park. A cold spot overlapped with the southwestern region of the Peninsula, reflecting the disappearance of carnivores with higher conservation rankings from increasingly fragmented natural habitats. Getis-Ord Gi* z scores were negatively associated with elevation, and positively associated with the proportion of natural land cover and distance from the capital city. Malaysia contains some of the world’s most diverse carnivore assemblages, but recent rates of forest loss are some of the highest in the world. Reducing poaching and maintaining large, contiguous tracts of lowland forests will be crucial, not only for the persistence of threatened carnivores, but for many mammalian species in general.

AB - Mammalian carnivores play a vital role in ecosystem functioning. However, they are prone to extinction because of low population densities and growth rates, and high levels of persecution or exploitation. In tropical biodiversity hotspots such as Peninsular Malaysia, rapid conversion of natural habitats threatens the persistence of this vulnerable group of animals. Here, we carried out the first comprehensive literature review on 31 carnivore species reported to occur in Peninsular Malaysia and updated their probable distribution. We georeferenced 375 observations of 28 species of carnivore from 89 unique geographic locations using records spanning 1948 to 2014. Using the Getis-Ord Gi*statistic and weighted survey records by IUCN Red List status, we identified hotspots of species that were of conservation concern and built regression models to identify environmental and anthropogenic landscape factors associated with Getis-Ord Gi* z scores. Our analyses identified two carnivore hotspots that were spatially concordant with two of the peninsula’s largest and most contiguous forest complexes, associated with Taman Negara National Park and Royal Belum State Park. A cold spot overlapped with the southwestern region of the Peninsula, reflecting the disappearance of carnivores with higher conservation rankings from increasingly fragmented natural habitats. Getis-Ord Gi* z scores were negatively associated with elevation, and positively associated with the proportion of natural land cover and distance from the capital city. Malaysia contains some of the world’s most diverse carnivore assemblages, but recent rates of forest loss are some of the highest in the world. Reducing poaching and maintaining large, contiguous tracts of lowland forests will be crucial, not only for the persistence of threatened carnivores, but for many mammalian species in general.

U2 - 10.1371/journal.pone.0194217

DO - 10.1371/journal.pone.0194217

M3 - Journal article

VL - 13

JO - PLoS ONE

JF - PLoS ONE

SN - 1932-6203

IS - 4

M1 - e0194217

ER -