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Chemistry/climate feedbacks and biogenic emissions

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • John A. Pyle
  • N. J. Warwick
  • X. Yang
  • Paul Young
  • Guang Zeng
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2007
<mark>Journal</mark>Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London A
Issue number1856
Number of pages14
Pages (from-to)1727-1740
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The oxidizing capacity of the atmosphere is affected by anthropogenic emissions and is projected to change in the future. Model calculations indicate that the change in surface ozone at some locations could be large and have significant implications for human health. The calculations depend on the precise scenarios used for the anthropogenic emissions and on the details of the feedback processes included in the model. One important factor is how natural biogenic emissions will change in the future. We carry out a sensitivity calculation to address the possible increase in isoprene emissions consequent on increased surface temperature in a future climate. The changes in ozone are significant but depend crucially on the background chemical regime. In these calculations, we find that increased isoprene will increase ozone in the Northern Hemisphere but decrease ozone in the tropics. We also consider the role of bromine compounds in tropospheric chemistry and consider cases where, in a future climate, the impact of bromine could change.