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Cigarette smoking, alcohol intake and health status of older persons in England: the mediating effects of sociodemographic and economic factors

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Cigarette smoking, alcohol intake and health status of older persons in England : the mediating effects of sociodemographic and economic factors. / Atoyebi, OA ; Langat, GC ; Xiong, Qian.

In: Ageing International, Vol. 45, 01.12.2020, p. 380–392.

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@article{e3eb63b0283845c2be2024dd4cf69509,
title = "Cigarette smoking, alcohol intake and health status of older persons in England: the mediating effects of sociodemographic and economic factors",
abstract = "This study was conducted to determine whether there is an association between cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and self-reported health status among older persons and how sociodemographic and socio-economic factors mediate the association between these lifestyle behaviours and health in old age. Data from wave 7 of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) were analysed using bivariate and logistic regression method. Self-reported health status was assessed as a binary variable; cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption as independent variables; and age, sex, marital status, education, employment as well as financial status were assessed as covariates. Smoking had a significant inverse association with reported health status and the odds of reporting good health status versus bad health status was 59% and 38% times less for former and current smokers respectively compared with those that never smoked. However, mild alcohol consumption seemed to have a significant positive association with health status, while a negative association existed between heavy alcohol consumption and health. Sociodemographic and economic factors did not appear to mediate the effects of smoking and alcohol consumption on health status. This study provided evidence that it is important to consider interventions on smoking and heavy alcohol drinking behaviours on good health status of older adults.",
keywords = "smoking, Alcohol, Older adults, Self-reported health",
author = "OA Atoyebi and GC Langat and Qian Xiong",
note = "The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12126-020-09395-6",
year = "2020",
month = dec,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s12126-020-09395-6",
language = "English",
volume = "45",
pages = "380–392",
journal = "Ageing International",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Cigarette smoking, alcohol intake and health status of older persons in England

T2 - the mediating effects of sociodemographic and economic factors

AU - Atoyebi, OA

AU - Langat, GC

AU - Xiong, Qian

N1 - The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12126-020-09395-6

PY - 2020/12/1

Y1 - 2020/12/1

N2 - This study was conducted to determine whether there is an association between cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and self-reported health status among older persons and how sociodemographic and socio-economic factors mediate the association between these lifestyle behaviours and health in old age. Data from wave 7 of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) were analysed using bivariate and logistic regression method. Self-reported health status was assessed as a binary variable; cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption as independent variables; and age, sex, marital status, education, employment as well as financial status were assessed as covariates. Smoking had a significant inverse association with reported health status and the odds of reporting good health status versus bad health status was 59% and 38% times less for former and current smokers respectively compared with those that never smoked. However, mild alcohol consumption seemed to have a significant positive association with health status, while a negative association existed between heavy alcohol consumption and health. Sociodemographic and economic factors did not appear to mediate the effects of smoking and alcohol consumption on health status. This study provided evidence that it is important to consider interventions on smoking and heavy alcohol drinking behaviours on good health status of older adults.

AB - This study was conducted to determine whether there is an association between cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption and self-reported health status among older persons and how sociodemographic and socio-economic factors mediate the association between these lifestyle behaviours and health in old age. Data from wave 7 of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA) were analysed using bivariate and logistic regression method. Self-reported health status was assessed as a binary variable; cigarette smoking and alcohol consumption as independent variables; and age, sex, marital status, education, employment as well as financial status were assessed as covariates. Smoking had a significant inverse association with reported health status and the odds of reporting good health status versus bad health status was 59% and 38% times less for former and current smokers respectively compared with those that never smoked. However, mild alcohol consumption seemed to have a significant positive association with health status, while a negative association existed between heavy alcohol consumption and health. Sociodemographic and economic factors did not appear to mediate the effects of smoking and alcohol consumption on health status. This study provided evidence that it is important to consider interventions on smoking and heavy alcohol drinking behaviours on good health status of older adults.

KW - smoking

KW - Alcohol

KW - Older adults

KW - Self-reported health

U2 - 10.1007/s12126-020-09395-6

DO - 10.1007/s12126-020-09395-6

M3 - Journal article

VL - 45

SP - 380

EP - 392

JO - Ageing International

JF - Ageing International

ER -