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Cognitive therapy for bipolar illness : a pilot study of relapse prevention.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
  • Dominic H. Lam
  • Jeny Bright
  • Steven H. Jones
  • Peter Hayward
  • Nikki Schuck
  • Daniel Chisholm
  • Pak Sham
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>10/2000
<mark>Journal</mark>Cognitive Therapy and Research
Issue number5
Volume24
Number of pages18
Pages (from-to)503-520
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Twenty-five (25) bipolar patients taking mood stabilizers and yet still relapsing were recruited into a randomized controlled pilot cognitive therapy study. All subjects were taking mood stabilizers on recruitment. The control group had treatment as usual—that is, the usual outpatients and multidisciplinary team input. The therapy group received between 12 and 20 sessions of cognitive therapy adapted for bipolar illness in addition to treatment as usual. Therapy consisted of a relapse prevention approach and lasted 6 months. Independent assessments showed that the therapy group had significantly fewer bipolar episodes, higher social functioning, and better coping strategies for bipolar prodromes. Furthermore, there was evidence of less fluctuation in symptoms of mania and depression, less hopelessness, and better medication compliance from subjects' monthly self reports. There was no evidence that improvement in the therapy group was due to more medication being prescribed. In fact, there were significantly less neuroleptics being prescribed in the therapy group for the 6 months after therapy. A further study with a larger sample size and longer follow-up period is warranted.