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    Rights statement: © ACM, 2017. This is the author's pre-print version of the work. It is posted here by permission of ACM for your personal use. Not for redistribution. A link to the definitive version will be made available once created.

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Collaborating around digital tabletops: children’s physical strategies from the UK, India and Finland

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

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  • Izdihar Jamil
  • Calkin S. Montero
  • Mark Perry
  • Kenton O'Hara
  • Abhijit Anil Karnik
  • Kaisa Pihlainen
  • Mark T. Marshall
  • Swati Jha
  • Sanjay Gupta
  • Sriram Subramanian
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Article number23
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/05/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>ACM Transactions on Computer-Human Interaction (TOCHI)
Issue number3
Volume24
Number of pages30
Pages (from-to)23:1-23:30
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

We present a study of children collaborating around interactive tabletops in three different countries: the United Kingdom, India and Finland. Our data highlights the key distinctive physical strategies used by children when performing collaborative tasks during this study. Children in the UK tend to prefer static positioning with minimal physical contact and simultaneous object movement. Children in India employed dynamic positioning with frequent physical contact and simultaneous object movement. Children in Finland used a mixture of dynamic and static positioning with minimal physical contact and object movement. Our findings indicate the importance of understanding collaboration strategies and behaviours when designing and deploying interactive tabletops in heterogeneous educational environments. We conclude with a discussion on how designers of tabletops for schools can provide opportunities for children in different countries to define and shape their own collaboration strategies for small group learning that take into account their different classroom practices.

Bibliographic note

© ACM, 2017. This is the author's pre-print version of the work. It is posted here by permission of ACM for your personal use. Not for redistribution. A link to the definitive version is available here: http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/3058551 and accessible through the ACM Authorizer Service via http://www.lancaster.ac.uk/staff/karnik/publications.html?acm=N39067