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Comparison of the specific activity of ribulose‐1,5‐bis‐phosphate carboxylase‐oxygenase from some C3 and C4 plants

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>10/1988
<mark>Journal</mark>Physiologia Plantarum
Issue number2
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)326-331
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The specific activity of ribulose‐1,5‐bisphosphate carboxylase‐oxygenase (Rubisco, EC was measured from the crude extracts of five C3 plants consisting of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. cv. Maris Mink), spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.), pea (Pisum sativum L. cv. Greenfeast), pumpkin (Cucurbita pepo L. cv. Jättiläismeloni) and Ceratodon purpureus (Hedw.) Brid., and two C4 plants, maize (Zea mays L. ETA F1) and sugar sorghum [Sorghum saccharatum (L. emend, L.) Moench]. The amount of Rubisco in the crude extracts was estimated by polyacrylamide gel electro‐phoresis with the Coomassie Brilliant Blue staining procedure. The amounts of the dye bound to the purified Rubisco of different higher plants were similar. The method gave a linear response for both purified enzyme and crude extracts, and the results agreed with those observed by immunochemical methods. The addition of positive effectors such as inorganic phosphate was necessary to obtain maximal activity in the crude extracts of all the studied plants except in that of maize. No significant differences in the specific carboxylase activity at 25°C were found between the C3 and C4 plants.