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Controlled synthesis of manganese oxyhydroxide nanotubes: implications for high-efficiency supercapacitors

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>06/2013
<mark>Journal</mark>ChemPlusChem
Issue number6
Volume78
Number of pages7
Pages (from-to)554-560
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Successful attempts have been made to control the synthesis of tubular MnOOH with nanodimensions on high electronic conductivity graphite felt (GF) to be used as a flexible supercapacitor electrode. As a fundamental study, the time-dependent kinetics was investigated to interpret its formation mechanism, which can be depicted as the curling of a two-dimensional precursor into a one-dimensional structure with a hollow interior. As a result of the nanotube structure, the active surface area of MnOOH is completely accessible to electrolyte ions and has a shorter charge-transport length and greater ability to withstand structural deformation. Hence, hollow-structured MnOOH shows great promise as an electrochemical system, which is reflected in its high specific capacitance of 1156Fg-1 at 1Ag-1. Furthermore, the high energy density of 1125Whkg-1 and power density of 5.05kWkg-1 reveal the outstanding energy-storage behavior of the MnOOH/GF composites as flexible supercapacitor electrodes.