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Covalent modification of graphene and graphite using diazonium chemistry: Tunable grafting and nanomanipulation

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Covalent modification of graphene and graphite using diazonium chemistry : Tunable grafting and nanomanipulation. / Greenwood, J.; Phan, T.H.; Fujita, Y.; Li, Z.; Ivasenko, O.; Vanderlinden, W.; Van Gorp, H.; Frederickx, W.; Lu, G.; Tahara, K.; Tobe, Y.; Uji-I, H.; Mertens, S.F.L.; De Feyter, S.

In: ACS Nano, Vol. 9, No. 5, 2015, p. 5520-5535.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Greenwood, J, Phan, TH, Fujita, Y, Li, Z, Ivasenko, O, Vanderlinden, W, Van Gorp, H, Frederickx, W, Lu, G, Tahara, K, Tobe, Y, Uji-I, H, Mertens, SFL & De Feyter, S 2015, 'Covalent modification of graphene and graphite using diazonium chemistry: Tunable grafting and nanomanipulation', ACS Nano, vol. 9, no. 5, pp. 5520-5535. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.5b01580

APA

Greenwood, J., Phan, T. H., Fujita, Y., Li, Z., Ivasenko, O., Vanderlinden, W., Van Gorp, H., Frederickx, W., Lu, G., Tahara, K., Tobe, Y., Uji-I, H., Mertens, S. F. L., & De Feyter, S. (2015). Covalent modification of graphene and graphite using diazonium chemistry: Tunable grafting and nanomanipulation. ACS Nano, 9(5), 5520-5535. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.5b01580

Vancouver

Greenwood J, Phan TH, Fujita Y, Li Z, Ivasenko O, Vanderlinden W et al. Covalent modification of graphene and graphite using diazonium chemistry: Tunable grafting and nanomanipulation. ACS Nano. 2015;9(5):5520-5535. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.5b01580

Author

Greenwood, J. ; Phan, T.H. ; Fujita, Y. ; Li, Z. ; Ivasenko, O. ; Vanderlinden, W. ; Van Gorp, H. ; Frederickx, W. ; Lu, G. ; Tahara, K. ; Tobe, Y. ; Uji-I, H. ; Mertens, S.F.L. ; De Feyter, S. / Covalent modification of graphene and graphite using diazonium chemistry : Tunable grafting and nanomanipulation. In: ACS Nano. 2015 ; Vol. 9, No. 5. pp. 5520-5535.

Bibtex

@article{3cb66353e7df4e69aeb4d3faa4084590,
title = "Covalent modification of graphene and graphite using diazonium chemistry: Tunable grafting and nanomanipulation",
abstract = "We shine light on the covalent modification of graphite and graphene substrates using diazonium chemistry under ambient conditions. We report on the nature of the chemical modification of these graphitic substrates, the relation between molecular structure and film morphology, and the impact of the covalent modification on the properties of the substrates, as revealed by local microscopy and spectroscopy techniques and electrochemistry. By careful selection of the reagents and optimizing reaction conditions, a high density of covalently grafted molecules is obtained, a result that is demonstrated in an unprecedented way by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) under ambient conditions. With nanomanipulation, i.e., nanoshaving using STM, surface structuring and functionalization at the nanoscale is achieved. This manipulation leads to the removal of the covalently anchored molecules, regenerating pristine sp2 hybridized graphene or graphite patches, as proven by space-resolved Raman microscopy and molecular self-assembly studies. {\textcopyright} 2015 American Chemical Society.",
keywords = "AFM, diazonium, grafting, graphene, Raman spectroscopy, self-assembly, STM, Chemical modification, Chemical reactions, Grafting (chemical), Graphene, Graphite, Manipulators, Micromanipulators, Molecules, Nanotechnology, Self assembly, Covalent modifications, Graphene substrates, Graphitic substrates, Molecular self assembly, Reaction conditions, Scanning tunneling microscopy",
author = "J. Greenwood and T.H. Phan and Y. Fujita and Z. Li and O. Ivasenko and W. Vanderlinden and {Van Gorp}, H. and W. Frederickx and G. Lu and K. Tahara and Y. Tobe and H. Uji-I and S.F.L. Mertens and {De Feyter}, S.",
year = "2015",
doi = "10.1021/acsnano.5b01580",
language = "English",
volume = "9",
pages = "5520--5535",
journal = "ACS Nano",
issn = "1936-0851",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Covalent modification of graphene and graphite using diazonium chemistry

T2 - Tunable grafting and nanomanipulation

AU - Greenwood, J.

AU - Phan, T.H.

AU - Fujita, Y.

AU - Li, Z.

AU - Ivasenko, O.

AU - Vanderlinden, W.

AU - Van Gorp, H.

AU - Frederickx, W.

AU - Lu, G.

AU - Tahara, K.

AU - Tobe, Y.

AU - Uji-I, H.

AU - Mertens, S.F.L.

AU - De Feyter, S.

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - We shine light on the covalent modification of graphite and graphene substrates using diazonium chemistry under ambient conditions. We report on the nature of the chemical modification of these graphitic substrates, the relation between molecular structure and film morphology, and the impact of the covalent modification on the properties of the substrates, as revealed by local microscopy and spectroscopy techniques and electrochemistry. By careful selection of the reagents and optimizing reaction conditions, a high density of covalently grafted molecules is obtained, a result that is demonstrated in an unprecedented way by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) under ambient conditions. With nanomanipulation, i.e., nanoshaving using STM, surface structuring and functionalization at the nanoscale is achieved. This manipulation leads to the removal of the covalently anchored molecules, regenerating pristine sp2 hybridized graphene or graphite patches, as proven by space-resolved Raman microscopy and molecular self-assembly studies. © 2015 American Chemical Society.

AB - We shine light on the covalent modification of graphite and graphene substrates using diazonium chemistry under ambient conditions. We report on the nature of the chemical modification of these graphitic substrates, the relation between molecular structure and film morphology, and the impact of the covalent modification on the properties of the substrates, as revealed by local microscopy and spectroscopy techniques and electrochemistry. By careful selection of the reagents and optimizing reaction conditions, a high density of covalently grafted molecules is obtained, a result that is demonstrated in an unprecedented way by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) under ambient conditions. With nanomanipulation, i.e., nanoshaving using STM, surface structuring and functionalization at the nanoscale is achieved. This manipulation leads to the removal of the covalently anchored molecules, regenerating pristine sp2 hybridized graphene or graphite patches, as proven by space-resolved Raman microscopy and molecular self-assembly studies. © 2015 American Chemical Society.

KW - AFM

KW - diazonium

KW - grafting

KW - graphene

KW - Raman spectroscopy

KW - self-assembly

KW - STM

KW - Chemical modification

KW - Chemical reactions

KW - Grafting (chemical)

KW - Graphene

KW - Graphite

KW - Manipulators

KW - Micromanipulators

KW - Molecules

KW - Nanotechnology

KW - Self assembly

KW - Covalent modifications

KW - Graphene substrates

KW - Graphitic substrates

KW - Molecular self assembly

KW - Reaction conditions

KW - Scanning tunneling microscopy

U2 - 10.1021/acsnano.5b01580

DO - 10.1021/acsnano.5b01580

M3 - Journal article

VL - 9

SP - 5520

EP - 5535

JO - ACS Nano

JF - ACS Nano

SN - 1936-0851

IS - 5

ER -