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COVID-19 infections and short-run worker performance: Evidence from European football

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COVID-19 infections and short-run worker performance: Evidence from European football. / Butler, David; Butler, Robert; Farnell, Alex et al.
In: European Journal of Operational Research, Vol. 315, No. 2, 01.06.2024, p. 750-763.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Butler, D, Butler, R, Farnell, A & Simmons, R 2024, 'COVID-19 infections and short-run worker performance: Evidence from European football', European Journal of Operational Research, vol. 315, no. 2, pp. 750-763. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2023.12.017

APA

Butler, D., Butler, R., Farnell, A., & Simmons, R. (2024). COVID-19 infections and short-run worker performance: Evidence from European football. European Journal of Operational Research, 315(2), 750-763. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2023.12.017

Vancouver

Butler D, Butler R, Farnell A, Simmons R. COVID-19 infections and short-run worker performance: Evidence from European football. European Journal of Operational Research. 2024 Jun 1;315(2):750-763. Epub 2024 Feb 13. doi: 10.1016/j.ejor.2023.12.017

Author

Butler, David ; Butler, Robert ; Farnell, Alex et al. / COVID-19 infections and short-run worker performance : Evidence from European football. In: European Journal of Operational Research. 2024 ; Vol. 315, No. 2. pp. 750-763.

Bibtex

@article{7bf674c69e12473cb12ae8b84f9893f0,
title = "COVID-19 infections and short-run worker performance: Evidence from European football",
abstract = "COVID-19 infections represent a recurrent source of workplace absenteeism impacting labour productivity. Using a unique matched employee-employer dataset, we consider the effects of the virus on the performance of highly valuable employees when returning to work: professional footballers in the top five European leagues. This offers a window to study job scheduling and managerial decision-making. We employ a difference-in-differences (DiD) model that compares the performance of infected players to a matched control group for game tasks that require physical exertion. Results suggest that per-minute performance is unaffected upon returning to play. This is likely due to effective management of minutes on the pitch. We carry out a battery of checks on the primary results to consider causal mechanisms outside of infection that could impact the results such as lockdown breaks, clusters within squads, and scheduling effects. The findings carry an optimistic message and specifically speak to managers supervising physical labour. If appropriately managed, infected workers can return to past performance levels.",
keywords = "OR in sport, Productivity, Performance, Football, COVID-19",
author = "David Butler and Robert Butler and Alex Farnell and Robert Simmons",
year = "2024",
month = feb,
day = "13",
doi = "10.1016/j.ejor.2023.12.017",
language = "English",
volume = "315",
pages = "750--763",
journal = "European Journal of Operational Research",
issn = "0377-2217",
publisher = "Elsevier Science B.V.",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - COVID-19 infections and short-run worker performance

T2 - Evidence from European football

AU - Butler, David

AU - Butler, Robert

AU - Farnell, Alex

AU - Simmons, Robert

PY - 2024/2/13

Y1 - 2024/2/13

N2 - COVID-19 infections represent a recurrent source of workplace absenteeism impacting labour productivity. Using a unique matched employee-employer dataset, we consider the effects of the virus on the performance of highly valuable employees when returning to work: professional footballers in the top five European leagues. This offers a window to study job scheduling and managerial decision-making. We employ a difference-in-differences (DiD) model that compares the performance of infected players to a matched control group for game tasks that require physical exertion. Results suggest that per-minute performance is unaffected upon returning to play. This is likely due to effective management of minutes on the pitch. We carry out a battery of checks on the primary results to consider causal mechanisms outside of infection that could impact the results such as lockdown breaks, clusters within squads, and scheduling effects. The findings carry an optimistic message and specifically speak to managers supervising physical labour. If appropriately managed, infected workers can return to past performance levels.

AB - COVID-19 infections represent a recurrent source of workplace absenteeism impacting labour productivity. Using a unique matched employee-employer dataset, we consider the effects of the virus on the performance of highly valuable employees when returning to work: professional footballers in the top five European leagues. This offers a window to study job scheduling and managerial decision-making. We employ a difference-in-differences (DiD) model that compares the performance of infected players to a matched control group for game tasks that require physical exertion. Results suggest that per-minute performance is unaffected upon returning to play. This is likely due to effective management of minutes on the pitch. We carry out a battery of checks on the primary results to consider causal mechanisms outside of infection that could impact the results such as lockdown breaks, clusters within squads, and scheduling effects. The findings carry an optimistic message and specifically speak to managers supervising physical labour. If appropriately managed, infected workers can return to past performance levels.

KW - OR in sport

KW - Productivity

KW - Performance

KW - Football

KW - COVID-19

U2 - 10.1016/j.ejor.2023.12.017

DO - 10.1016/j.ejor.2023.12.017

M3 - Journal article

VL - 315

SP - 750

EP - 763

JO - European Journal of Operational Research

JF - European Journal of Operational Research

SN - 0377-2217

IS - 2

ER -