Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Crop Diversity on Anthropogenic Dark Earths in ...
View graph of relations

Crop Diversity on Anthropogenic Dark Earths in Central Amazonia

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published

Standard

Crop Diversity on Anthropogenic Dark Earths in Central Amazonia. / Fraser, James Angus; Junqueira, Andre B.; Kawa, Nicholas C.; Moraes, Claide P.; Clement, Charles R.

In: Human Ecology, Vol. 39, No. 4, 08.2011, p. 395-406.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Fraser, JA, Junqueira, AB, Kawa, NC, Moraes, CP & Clement, CR 2011, 'Crop Diversity on Anthropogenic Dark Earths in Central Amazonia', Human Ecology, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 395-406. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-011-9405-z

APA

Fraser, J. A., Junqueira, A. B., Kawa, N. C., Moraes, C. P., & Clement, C. R. (2011). Crop Diversity on Anthropogenic Dark Earths in Central Amazonia. Human Ecology, 39(4), 395-406. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-011-9405-z

Vancouver

Fraser JA, Junqueira AB, Kawa NC, Moraes CP, Clement CR. Crop Diversity on Anthropogenic Dark Earths in Central Amazonia. Human Ecology. 2011 Aug;39(4):395-406. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10745-011-9405-z

Author

Fraser, James Angus ; Junqueira, Andre B. ; Kawa, Nicholas C. ; Moraes, Claide P. ; Clement, Charles R. / Crop Diversity on Anthropogenic Dark Earths in Central Amazonia. In: Human Ecology. 2011 ; Vol. 39, No. 4. pp. 395-406.

Bibtex

@article{3948402c6756455ea9cae7ce6ef9109f,
title = "Crop Diversity on Anthropogenic Dark Earths in Central Amazonia",
abstract = "A recent archaeological survey demonstrates that one of the most durable of all forms of pre-Columbian landscape transformation, Amazonian Dark Earths (ADE; soils formed by pre-Columbian settlement), are widespread along the course of the Madeira River, Central Amazonia, Brazil. We hypothesize that processes of crop cultivation and management by human populations today in landscapes that were intensively transformed during the pre-Columbian period will diverge from those in environments where human agency has not left such a heavy footprint. In order to test this hypothesis, we compare bitter manioc fields, homegardens and secondary forests on ADE with those on non-anthropogenic soils along the lower and middle Madeira River. We demonstrate that crop species and landrace populations diverge on anthropogenic and non-anthropogenic soils as a result of the interaction between human selection and management, soil physical and chemical properties, and plant responses over time. Hence, crop species selection and abundance and therefore agrobiodiversity is contingent on anthropogenic soils in Central Amazonia.",
keywords = "MANIHOT-ESCULENTA CRANTZ, Domesticated landscapes, CAPACITY, ADJACENT, ANTHROSOLS, SOILS, DOMESTICATION, Crop domestication, MODEL, Madeira river, BRAZIL, Historical ecology, LANDSCAPES, Botanical inventory",
author = "Fraser, {James Angus} and Junqueira, {Andre B.} and Kawa, {Nicholas C.} and Moraes, {Claide P.} and Clement, {Charles R.}",
year = "2011",
month = aug,
doi = "10.1007/s10745-011-9405-z",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "395--406",
journal = "Human Ecology",
issn = "0300-7839",
publisher = "SPRINGER/PLENUM PUBLISHERS",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Crop Diversity on Anthropogenic Dark Earths in Central Amazonia

AU - Fraser, James Angus

AU - Junqueira, Andre B.

AU - Kawa, Nicholas C.

AU - Moraes, Claide P.

AU - Clement, Charles R.

PY - 2011/8

Y1 - 2011/8

N2 - A recent archaeological survey demonstrates that one of the most durable of all forms of pre-Columbian landscape transformation, Amazonian Dark Earths (ADE; soils formed by pre-Columbian settlement), are widespread along the course of the Madeira River, Central Amazonia, Brazil. We hypothesize that processes of crop cultivation and management by human populations today in landscapes that were intensively transformed during the pre-Columbian period will diverge from those in environments where human agency has not left such a heavy footprint. In order to test this hypothesis, we compare bitter manioc fields, homegardens and secondary forests on ADE with those on non-anthropogenic soils along the lower and middle Madeira River. We demonstrate that crop species and landrace populations diverge on anthropogenic and non-anthropogenic soils as a result of the interaction between human selection and management, soil physical and chemical properties, and plant responses over time. Hence, crop species selection and abundance and therefore agrobiodiversity is contingent on anthropogenic soils in Central Amazonia.

AB - A recent archaeological survey demonstrates that one of the most durable of all forms of pre-Columbian landscape transformation, Amazonian Dark Earths (ADE; soils formed by pre-Columbian settlement), are widespread along the course of the Madeira River, Central Amazonia, Brazil. We hypothesize that processes of crop cultivation and management by human populations today in landscapes that were intensively transformed during the pre-Columbian period will diverge from those in environments where human agency has not left such a heavy footprint. In order to test this hypothesis, we compare bitter manioc fields, homegardens and secondary forests on ADE with those on non-anthropogenic soils along the lower and middle Madeira River. We demonstrate that crop species and landrace populations diverge on anthropogenic and non-anthropogenic soils as a result of the interaction between human selection and management, soil physical and chemical properties, and plant responses over time. Hence, crop species selection and abundance and therefore agrobiodiversity is contingent on anthropogenic soils in Central Amazonia.

KW - MANIHOT-ESCULENTA CRANTZ

KW - Domesticated landscapes

KW - CAPACITY

KW - ADJACENT

KW - ANTHROSOLS

KW - SOILS

KW - DOMESTICATION

KW - Crop domestication

KW - MODEL

KW - Madeira river

KW - BRAZIL

KW - Historical ecology

KW - LANDSCAPES

KW - Botanical inventory

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79960069566&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10745-011-9405-z

DO - 10.1007/s10745-011-9405-z

M3 - Journal article

VL - 39

SP - 395

EP - 406

JO - Human Ecology

JF - Human Ecology

SN - 0300-7839

IS - 4

ER -