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Daphniopsis studeri (Crustacea: Cladocera) in lakes of the Vestfold Hills, Antarctica.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal article

  • J. E. M. Laybourn-Parry
  • H. J. Marchant
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1992
<mark>Journal</mark>Polar Biology
Issue number8
Number of pages5
Pages (from-to)631-635
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


The adult sizes and reproductive capabilities of populations of the cladoceran Daphniopsis studeri Rühe from freshwater and slightly saline lakes in the Vestfold Hills, Princess Elizabeth Land were monitored during December, 1990. The population of Crooked Lake was studied in detail from July 1990–March 1991. Limited samples were also obtained from Heard Island (sub Antarctic). Obligate parthenogenesis involving the production of subitaneous eggs appears to be the case. No males occurred. The overwintering populations of continental Antarctica consist mainly of adult females containing extensive fat reserves. The main reproductive effort occurs in spring. some females produce a smaller second brood during the summer. Reproductive output increases with adult size which is related to the nutrient status of the lake and its productivity. The Heard Island populations have a higher weight to length ratio than the Vestfold populations and have a much greater reproductive output.