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Determination of the Failure Susceptibility of a Flat Die used in Biomass Pelletizing Machines by means of FEA based Design Exploration

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Determination of the Failure Susceptibility of a Flat Die used in Biomass Pelletizing Machines by means of FEA based Design Exploration. / Celik, H Kursat; Yilmaz, Hasan; Rennie, Allan Edward Watson; Cinar, Recep; Firat, M Z.

In: Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention, Vol. 18, No. 5, 10.2018, p. 1099-1110.

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Celik, H Kursat ; Yilmaz, Hasan ; Rennie, Allan Edward Watson ; Cinar, Recep ; Firat, M Z. / Determination of the Failure Susceptibility of a Flat Die used in Biomass Pelletizing Machines by means of FEA based Design Exploration. In: Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention. 2018 ; Vol. 18, No. 5. pp. 1099-1110.

Bibtex

@article{85e2f12feaf04da8ba8b3119be59aa6f,
title = "Determination of the Failure Susceptibility of a Flat Die used in Biomass Pelletizing Machines by means of FEA based Design Exploration",
abstract = "This paper focuses on a design analysis of a flat die used in an agricultural biomass pelletizing machine by considering its high pressure loading failure susceptibility. The pellet die is one of the key elements in a pelletizing machine, and the strength of the die plate has an important role on the pellet{\textquoteright}s quality and producibility. In fact, higher compression ratio (CR - the ratio of effectivelength and the internal (press channel) diameter of a die orifice/hole) will provide denser pellets which is a desired phenomenon, however, if the compression pressure is too high or CR is not determined to compensate high pressures, the raw material may block the die and the die may experience deformation failure due to overloading. If the desire is to make high quality pellets with no die failure, optimum flat die hole/orifice design parameters should be used which can provide the best CR for a specific compression pressure. This is the core motivation of this research. In this study, Finite Element Analysis (FEA) based design exploration has been utilised for a sample single hole flat die with various die geometry parameters against various compression pressure values. Following the FEA design exploration undertaken, a response surface analysis (RSA) was carried out and then estimation models (empirical equations), which could be used to calculate parameters of the die hole/orifice against applied compression pressure and failure susceptibility based on structural stress and deformation, was described. The results gained from the RSA has indicated that the estimation models have high R2 values (higher than 98 %) which could be used for adequately predicting failure susceptibility indicators. In addition to this, FEM-based simulation print-outshave provided useful stress distribution visuals on the die against different compression pressure values. Most especially, the study has highlighted that a detailed structural optimisation study may be scheduled in order to obtain die geometry design parameters with a focus on the failure susceptibility.",
keywords = "stress analysis, design of agricultural machinery, biomass pelletizing, flat die design",
author = "Celik, {H Kursat} and Hasan Yilmaz and Rennie, {Allan Edward Watson} and Recep Cinar and Firat, {M Z}",
note = "The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11668-018-0497-2",
year = "2018",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1007/s11668-018-0497-2",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "1099--1110",
journal = "Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention",
issn = "1547-7029",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Determination of the Failure Susceptibility of a Flat Die used in Biomass Pelletizing Machines by means of FEA based Design Exploration

AU - Celik, H Kursat

AU - Yilmaz, Hasan

AU - Rennie, Allan Edward Watson

AU - Cinar, Recep

AU - Firat, M Z

N1 - The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11668-018-0497-2

PY - 2018/10

Y1 - 2018/10

N2 - This paper focuses on a design analysis of a flat die used in an agricultural biomass pelletizing machine by considering its high pressure loading failure susceptibility. The pellet die is one of the key elements in a pelletizing machine, and the strength of the die plate has an important role on the pellet’s quality and producibility. In fact, higher compression ratio (CR - the ratio of effectivelength and the internal (press channel) diameter of a die orifice/hole) will provide denser pellets which is a desired phenomenon, however, if the compression pressure is too high or CR is not determined to compensate high pressures, the raw material may block the die and the die may experience deformation failure due to overloading. If the desire is to make high quality pellets with no die failure, optimum flat die hole/orifice design parameters should be used which can provide the best CR for a specific compression pressure. This is the core motivation of this research. In this study, Finite Element Analysis (FEA) based design exploration has been utilised for a sample single hole flat die with various die geometry parameters against various compression pressure values. Following the FEA design exploration undertaken, a response surface analysis (RSA) was carried out and then estimation models (empirical equations), which could be used to calculate parameters of the die hole/orifice against applied compression pressure and failure susceptibility based on structural stress and deformation, was described. The results gained from the RSA has indicated that the estimation models have high R2 values (higher than 98 %) which could be used for adequately predicting failure susceptibility indicators. In addition to this, FEM-based simulation print-outshave provided useful stress distribution visuals on the die against different compression pressure values. Most especially, the study has highlighted that a detailed structural optimisation study may be scheduled in order to obtain die geometry design parameters with a focus on the failure susceptibility.

AB - This paper focuses on a design analysis of a flat die used in an agricultural biomass pelletizing machine by considering its high pressure loading failure susceptibility. The pellet die is one of the key elements in a pelletizing machine, and the strength of the die plate has an important role on the pellet’s quality and producibility. In fact, higher compression ratio (CR - the ratio of effectivelength and the internal (press channel) diameter of a die orifice/hole) will provide denser pellets which is a desired phenomenon, however, if the compression pressure is too high or CR is not determined to compensate high pressures, the raw material may block the die and the die may experience deformation failure due to overloading. If the desire is to make high quality pellets with no die failure, optimum flat die hole/orifice design parameters should be used which can provide the best CR for a specific compression pressure. This is the core motivation of this research. In this study, Finite Element Analysis (FEA) based design exploration has been utilised for a sample single hole flat die with various die geometry parameters against various compression pressure values. Following the FEA design exploration undertaken, a response surface analysis (RSA) was carried out and then estimation models (empirical equations), which could be used to calculate parameters of the die hole/orifice against applied compression pressure and failure susceptibility based on structural stress and deformation, was described. The results gained from the RSA has indicated that the estimation models have high R2 values (higher than 98 %) which could be used for adequately predicting failure susceptibility indicators. In addition to this, FEM-based simulation print-outshave provided useful stress distribution visuals on the die against different compression pressure values. Most especially, the study has highlighted that a detailed structural optimisation study may be scheduled in order to obtain die geometry design parameters with a focus on the failure susceptibility.

KW - stress analysis

KW - design of agricultural machinery

KW - biomass pelletizing

KW - flat die design

U2 - 10.1007/s11668-018-0497-2

DO - 10.1007/s11668-018-0497-2

M3 - Journal article

VL - 18

SP - 1099

EP - 1110

JO - Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

JF - Journal of Failure Analysis and Prevention

SN - 1547-7029

IS - 5

ER -