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Development and validation of the Motivations to Eat Meat Inventory

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

E-pub ahead of print
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Article number105210
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/08/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Appetite
Volume163
Number of pages11
Publication StatusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date24/03/21
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Previous research suggests that there are four primary motives to eat meat: that it is natural, normal, necessary, or nice. However, these motives have not yet been distinguished empirically; the lack of a measurement tool that can distinguish these motives has contributed to a literature that focuses primarily on meat-eating motivation or justification in general, as opposed to differences between these motives. We developed a 19-item measure, the Motivations to Eat Meat Inventory (MEMI), that fit a four-factor model in three samples (total N = 2175), including one with a large number of vegetarians. Using this instrument, we generated psychological profiles associated with each motive, and showed that the structure and correlates of meat-eating motives is highly similar for omnivores and vegetarians. This research provides a valuable tool for studying variation in psychological motives for eating meat among both meat-eaters and vegetarians and provides an initial framework for understanding the underpinnings of these different motivations.