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Device-free human localization and tracking with UHF passive RFID tags: A data-driven approach

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Device-free human localization and tracking with UHF passive RFID tags : A data-driven approach. / Ruan, Wenjie; Sheng, Quan Z.; Yao, Lina et al.

In: Journal of Network and Computer Applications, Vol. 104, 15.02.2018, p. 78-96.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Ruan, W, Sheng, QZ, Yao, L, Li, X, Falkner, NJG & Yang, L 2018, 'Device-free human localization and tracking with UHF passive RFID tags: A data-driven approach', Journal of Network and Computer Applications, vol. 104, pp. 78-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnca.2017.12.010

APA

Ruan, W., Sheng, Q. Z., Yao, L., Li, X., Falkner, N. J. G., & Yang, L. (2018). Device-free human localization and tracking with UHF passive RFID tags: A data-driven approach. Journal of Network and Computer Applications, 104, 78-96. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnca.2017.12.010

Vancouver

Ruan W, Sheng QZ, Yao L, Li X, Falkner NJG, Yang L. Device-free human localization and tracking with UHF passive RFID tags: A data-driven approach. Journal of Network and Computer Applications. 2018 Feb 15;104:78-96. Epub 2017 Dec 26. doi: 10.1016/j.jnca.2017.12.010

Author

Ruan, Wenjie ; Sheng, Quan Z. ; Yao, Lina et al. / Device-free human localization and tracking with UHF passive RFID tags : A data-driven approach. In: Journal of Network and Computer Applications. 2018 ; Vol. 104. pp. 78-96.

Bibtex

@article{af990b673050431f99e7548229e85be7,
title = "Device-free human localization and tracking with UHF passive RFID tags: A data-driven approach",
abstract = "Localizing and tracking human movement in a device-free and passive manner is promising in two aspects: i) it neither requires users to wear any sensors or devices, ii) nor it needs them to consciously cooperate during the localization. Such indoor localization technique underpins many real-world applications such as shopping navigation, intruder detection, surveillance care of seniors etc. However, current passive localization techniques either need expensive/sophisticated hardware such as ultra-wideband radar or infrared sensors, or have an issue of invasion of privacy such as camera-based techniques, or need regular maintenance such as the replacement of batteries. In this paper, we build a novel data-driven localization and tracking system upon a set of commercial ultra-high frequency passive radio-frequency identification tags in an indoor environment. Specifically, we formulate human localization problem as finding a location with the maximum posterior probability given the observed received signal strength indicator from passive radio-frequency identification tags. In this regard, we design a series of localization schemes to capture the posterior probability by taking the advance of supervised-learning models including Gaussian Mixture Model, k Nearest Neighbor and Kernel-based Learning. For tracking a moving target, we mathematically model the task as searching a location sequence with the most likelihood, in which we first augment the probabilistic estimation learned in localization to construct the Emission Matrix and propose two human mobility models to approximate the Transmission Matrix in the Hidden Markov Model. The proposed tracking model is able to transfer the pattern learned in localization into tracking but also reduce the location-state candidates at each transmission iteration, which increases both the computation efficiency and tracking accuracy. The extensive experiments in two real-world scenarios reveal that our approach can achieve up to 94% localization accuracy and an average 0.64 m tracking error, outperforming other state-of-the-art radio-frequency identification based indoor localization systems.",
keywords = "Device-free, Gaussian mixture model, Hidden Markov model, Indoor localization, RFID, Tracking",
author = "Wenjie Ruan and Sheng, {Quan Z.} and Lina Yao and Xue Li and Falkner, {Nickolas J.G.} and Lei Yang",
year = "2018",
month = feb,
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jnca.2017.12.010",
language = "English",
volume = "104",
pages = "78--96",
journal = "Journal of Network and Computer Applications",
issn = "1084-8045",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Device-free human localization and tracking with UHF passive RFID tags

T2 - A data-driven approach

AU - Ruan, Wenjie

AU - Sheng, Quan Z.

AU - Yao, Lina

AU - Li, Xue

AU - Falkner, Nickolas J.G.

AU - Yang, Lei

PY - 2018/2/15

Y1 - 2018/2/15

N2 - Localizing and tracking human movement in a device-free and passive manner is promising in two aspects: i) it neither requires users to wear any sensors or devices, ii) nor it needs them to consciously cooperate during the localization. Such indoor localization technique underpins many real-world applications such as shopping navigation, intruder detection, surveillance care of seniors etc. However, current passive localization techniques either need expensive/sophisticated hardware such as ultra-wideband radar or infrared sensors, or have an issue of invasion of privacy such as camera-based techniques, or need regular maintenance such as the replacement of batteries. In this paper, we build a novel data-driven localization and tracking system upon a set of commercial ultra-high frequency passive radio-frequency identification tags in an indoor environment. Specifically, we formulate human localization problem as finding a location with the maximum posterior probability given the observed received signal strength indicator from passive radio-frequency identification tags. In this regard, we design a series of localization schemes to capture the posterior probability by taking the advance of supervised-learning models including Gaussian Mixture Model, k Nearest Neighbor and Kernel-based Learning. For tracking a moving target, we mathematically model the task as searching a location sequence with the most likelihood, in which we first augment the probabilistic estimation learned in localization to construct the Emission Matrix and propose two human mobility models to approximate the Transmission Matrix in the Hidden Markov Model. The proposed tracking model is able to transfer the pattern learned in localization into tracking but also reduce the location-state candidates at each transmission iteration, which increases both the computation efficiency and tracking accuracy. The extensive experiments in two real-world scenarios reveal that our approach can achieve up to 94% localization accuracy and an average 0.64 m tracking error, outperforming other state-of-the-art radio-frequency identification based indoor localization systems.

AB - Localizing and tracking human movement in a device-free and passive manner is promising in two aspects: i) it neither requires users to wear any sensors or devices, ii) nor it needs them to consciously cooperate during the localization. Such indoor localization technique underpins many real-world applications such as shopping navigation, intruder detection, surveillance care of seniors etc. However, current passive localization techniques either need expensive/sophisticated hardware such as ultra-wideband radar or infrared sensors, or have an issue of invasion of privacy such as camera-based techniques, or need regular maintenance such as the replacement of batteries. In this paper, we build a novel data-driven localization and tracking system upon a set of commercial ultra-high frequency passive radio-frequency identification tags in an indoor environment. Specifically, we formulate human localization problem as finding a location with the maximum posterior probability given the observed received signal strength indicator from passive radio-frequency identification tags. In this regard, we design a series of localization schemes to capture the posterior probability by taking the advance of supervised-learning models including Gaussian Mixture Model, k Nearest Neighbor and Kernel-based Learning. For tracking a moving target, we mathematically model the task as searching a location sequence with the most likelihood, in which we first augment the probabilistic estimation learned in localization to construct the Emission Matrix and propose two human mobility models to approximate the Transmission Matrix in the Hidden Markov Model. The proposed tracking model is able to transfer the pattern learned in localization into tracking but also reduce the location-state candidates at each transmission iteration, which increases both the computation efficiency and tracking accuracy. The extensive experiments in two real-world scenarios reveal that our approach can achieve up to 94% localization accuracy and an average 0.64 m tracking error, outperforming other state-of-the-art radio-frequency identification based indoor localization systems.

KW - Device-free

KW - Gaussian mixture model

KW - Hidden Markov model

KW - Indoor localization

KW - RFID

KW - Tracking

U2 - 10.1016/j.jnca.2017.12.010

DO - 10.1016/j.jnca.2017.12.010

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:85040013056

VL - 104

SP - 78

EP - 96

JO - Journal of Network and Computer Applications

JF - Journal of Network and Computer Applications

SN - 1084-8045

ER -