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Didilia sp. Infecting Phlebotomus stantoni in Thailand

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  • S. Sor-Suwan
  • N. Jariyapan
  • C. Mano
  • C. Apiwathnasorn
  • P. Sriwichai
  • Y. Samung
  • P. Siriyasatien
  • P. A. Bates
  • P. Somboon
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/12/2017
<mark>Journal</mark>Tropical Biomedicine
Issue number4
Number of pages7
Pages (from-to)956-962
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Nematode infection in wild caught Phlebotomine sand flies was investigated in Thailand. Light microscopy (LM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were used to detect and morphologically characterize entomopathogenic nematodes that presented in the sand flies. Didilia sp. nematodes were found for the first time in the body cavity of wild caught male Phlebotomus stantoni sand flies. The Didilia sp. was identified based on the morphology of the adult nematodes, from their stylet and teeth at the anterior tip, body length, and egg shell sculpture. It was noted that every infected male sand fly had unrotated genitalia, which would not allow them to mate, thus leading to the loss of their offspring. This finding provided information that might lead to study on whether or not the Didilia sp. has the potential to control sand fly population.