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Different water relations between flowering and leaf periods: a case study in flower-before-leaf-emergence Magnolia species

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Different water relations between flowering and leaf periods : a case study in flower-before-leaf-emergence Magnolia species. / Liu, Hui; Xu, Qiu-Yuan; Lundgren, Marjorie R. et al.

In: Functional Plant Biology, Vol. 44, No. 11, 11.08.2017, p. 1098-1110.

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Liu H, Xu Q-Y, Lundgren MR, Ye Q. Different water relations between flowering and leaf periods: a case study in flower-before-leaf-emergence Magnolia species. Functional Plant Biology. 2017 Aug 11;44(11):1098-1110. doi: 10.1071/FP16429

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Liu, Hui ; Xu, Qiu-Yuan ; Lundgren, Marjorie R. et al. / Different water relations between flowering and leaf periods : a case study in flower-before-leaf-emergence Magnolia species. In: Functional Plant Biology. 2017 ; Vol. 44, No. 11. pp. 1098-1110.

Bibtex

@article{3e3bbd2c33144cc1b32c9be01c998568,
title = "Different water relations between flowering and leaf periods: a case study in flower-before-leaf-emergence Magnolia species",
abstract = "The differing water relations between flowers and leaves on a plant reflect the lack of co-ordination between reproductive and vegetative organs during the evolution of angiosperm species. The amount of water that flowers consume has been reported to vary across species, and compared with studies of leaves, accurate measurements of flower water relations at the branch level are lacking. Further, the mechanisms by which flowers regulate their hydraulic function and structure to maintain water balance remain unclear. To explore the ecophysiological basis underpinning the differences between flowers and leaves, we measured hydraulic and morphological traits and monitored sap flow in flowers and leaves from the same branches of two Magnoliaceae species that flower before leaf emergence (Magnolia denudata Desr. and Magnolia soulangeana Soul.-Bod.). Sap flux density (J(S)) of flowers was 22% and 55% of that predicted for leaves in M. denudata and M. soulangeana respectively. J(S) of flowers commenced before predawn and ceased early in the afternoon, reflecting their night-time flowering pattern and a dramatic decrease of J(S) with increasing vapour pressure deficit (D) under the high light of midday. Relative to leaves, tepals were thicker and more hydrated, and had bigger but scarcer stomata, leading to lower stomatal conductance (g(s)) and transpiration rate (E), less negative water potential ((tepal)) and lower hydraulic conductance. This study revealed different hydraulic patterns in the flowers and leaves of the two Magnolia species. Although flowers consumed less than half the water that leaves did, they used different strategies to maintain sufficiently high to sustain hydraulic safety. Magnolia flowers retained more hydrated tepals by exhibiting less water loss than leaves via lower hydraulic conductance. In contrast, Magnolia leaves maintained high transpiration rates through efficient stomatal responses to environmental changes compared with flowers.",
keywords = "floral hydraulics, flowering stage, gas exchange, leaf hydraulic conductance, Magnoliaceae, sap flow, stomata, water potential, xylem hydraulic conductivity, VAPOR-PRESSURE DEFICIT, HYDRAULIC CONDUCTANCE, SAP-FLOW, STOMATAL CONDUCTANCE, POLLINATION BIOLOGY, BASAL ANGIOSPERMS, TROPICAL FOREST, TRANSPIRATION, PLANTS, CANOPY",
author = "Hui Liu and Qiu-Yuan Xu and Lundgren, {Marjorie R.} and Qing Ye",
year = "2017",
month = aug,
day = "11",
doi = "10.1071/FP16429",
language = "English",
volume = "44",
pages = "1098--1110",
journal = "Functional Plant Biology",
issn = "1445-4408",
publisher = "CSIRO PUBLISHING",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Different water relations between flowering and leaf periods

T2 - a case study in flower-before-leaf-emergence Magnolia species

AU - Liu, Hui

AU - Xu, Qiu-Yuan

AU - Lundgren, Marjorie R.

AU - Ye, Qing

PY - 2017/8/11

Y1 - 2017/8/11

N2 - The differing water relations between flowers and leaves on a plant reflect the lack of co-ordination between reproductive and vegetative organs during the evolution of angiosperm species. The amount of water that flowers consume has been reported to vary across species, and compared with studies of leaves, accurate measurements of flower water relations at the branch level are lacking. Further, the mechanisms by which flowers regulate their hydraulic function and structure to maintain water balance remain unclear. To explore the ecophysiological basis underpinning the differences between flowers and leaves, we measured hydraulic and morphological traits and monitored sap flow in flowers and leaves from the same branches of two Magnoliaceae species that flower before leaf emergence (Magnolia denudata Desr. and Magnolia soulangeana Soul.-Bod.). Sap flux density (J(S)) of flowers was 22% and 55% of that predicted for leaves in M. denudata and M. soulangeana respectively. J(S) of flowers commenced before predawn and ceased early in the afternoon, reflecting their night-time flowering pattern and a dramatic decrease of J(S) with increasing vapour pressure deficit (D) under the high light of midday. Relative to leaves, tepals were thicker and more hydrated, and had bigger but scarcer stomata, leading to lower stomatal conductance (g(s)) and transpiration rate (E), less negative water potential ((tepal)) and lower hydraulic conductance. This study revealed different hydraulic patterns in the flowers and leaves of the two Magnolia species. Although flowers consumed less than half the water that leaves did, they used different strategies to maintain sufficiently high to sustain hydraulic safety. Magnolia flowers retained more hydrated tepals by exhibiting less water loss than leaves via lower hydraulic conductance. In contrast, Magnolia leaves maintained high transpiration rates through efficient stomatal responses to environmental changes compared with flowers.

AB - The differing water relations between flowers and leaves on a plant reflect the lack of co-ordination between reproductive and vegetative organs during the evolution of angiosperm species. The amount of water that flowers consume has been reported to vary across species, and compared with studies of leaves, accurate measurements of flower water relations at the branch level are lacking. Further, the mechanisms by which flowers regulate their hydraulic function and structure to maintain water balance remain unclear. To explore the ecophysiological basis underpinning the differences between flowers and leaves, we measured hydraulic and morphological traits and monitored sap flow in flowers and leaves from the same branches of two Magnoliaceae species that flower before leaf emergence (Magnolia denudata Desr. and Magnolia soulangeana Soul.-Bod.). Sap flux density (J(S)) of flowers was 22% and 55% of that predicted for leaves in M. denudata and M. soulangeana respectively. J(S) of flowers commenced before predawn and ceased early in the afternoon, reflecting their night-time flowering pattern and a dramatic decrease of J(S) with increasing vapour pressure deficit (D) under the high light of midday. Relative to leaves, tepals were thicker and more hydrated, and had bigger but scarcer stomata, leading to lower stomatal conductance (g(s)) and transpiration rate (E), less negative water potential ((tepal)) and lower hydraulic conductance. This study revealed different hydraulic patterns in the flowers and leaves of the two Magnolia species. Although flowers consumed less than half the water that leaves did, they used different strategies to maintain sufficiently high to sustain hydraulic safety. Magnolia flowers retained more hydrated tepals by exhibiting less water loss than leaves via lower hydraulic conductance. In contrast, Magnolia leaves maintained high transpiration rates through efficient stomatal responses to environmental changes compared with flowers.

KW - floral hydraulics

KW - flowering stage

KW - gas exchange

KW - leaf hydraulic conductance

KW - Magnoliaceae

KW - sap flow

KW - stomata

KW - water potential

KW - xylem hydraulic conductivity

KW - VAPOR-PRESSURE DEFICIT

KW - HYDRAULIC CONDUCTANCE

KW - SAP-FLOW

KW - STOMATAL CONDUCTANCE

KW - POLLINATION BIOLOGY

KW - BASAL ANGIOSPERMS

KW - TROPICAL FOREST

KW - TRANSPIRATION

KW - PLANTS

KW - CANOPY

U2 - 10.1071/FP16429

DO - 10.1071/FP16429

M3 - Journal article

VL - 44

SP - 1098

EP - 1110

JO - Functional Plant Biology

JF - Functional Plant Biology

SN - 1445-4408

IS - 11

ER -