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Differential effects of early life stress on hippocampus and amygdala volume as a function of emotional abilities

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Differential effects of early life stress on hippocampus and amygdala volume as a function of emotional abilities. / Aust, Sabine; Stasch, Joanna; Jentschke, Sebastian; Alkan Härtwig, Elif; Koelsch, Stefan; Heuser, Isabella; Bajbouj, Malek.

In: Hippocampus, Vol. 24, No. 9, 09.2014, p. 1094-1101.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Aust, S, Stasch, J, Jentschke, S, Alkan Härtwig, E, Koelsch, S, Heuser, I & Bajbouj, M 2014, 'Differential effects of early life stress on hippocampus and amygdala volume as a function of emotional abilities', Hippocampus, vol. 24, no. 9, pp. 1094-1101. https://doi.org/10.1002/hipo.22293

APA

Aust, S., Stasch, J., Jentschke, S., Alkan Härtwig, E., Koelsch, S., Heuser, I., & Bajbouj, M. (2014). Differential effects of early life stress on hippocampus and amygdala volume as a function of emotional abilities. Hippocampus, 24(9), 1094-1101. https://doi.org/10.1002/hipo.22293

Vancouver

Aust S, Stasch J, Jentschke S, Alkan Härtwig E, Koelsch S, Heuser I et al. Differential effects of early life stress on hippocampus and amygdala volume as a function of emotional abilities. Hippocampus. 2014 Sep;24(9):1094-1101. https://doi.org/10.1002/hipo.22293

Author

Aust, Sabine ; Stasch, Joanna ; Jentschke, Sebastian ; Alkan Härtwig, Elif ; Koelsch, Stefan ; Heuser, Isabella ; Bajbouj, Malek. / Differential effects of early life stress on hippocampus and amygdala volume as a function of emotional abilities. In: Hippocampus. 2014 ; Vol. 24, No. 9. pp. 1094-1101.

Bibtex

@article{3171170783e34885b2011e1eafaa9770,
title = "Differential effects of early life stress on hippocampus and amygdala volume as a function of emotional abilities",
abstract = "Early life stress (ELS) is known to have considerable influence on brain development and affective functioning. Previous studies in clinical populations have shown that hippocampus and amygdala, two central structures of limbic emotion processing circuits, are predominantly affected by early stress exposure. Given the inconsistent findings on ELS-related effects in healthy populations and the associations of ELS and affective functioning, the question arises which additional emotion-relevant variables need to be considered to better understand the effects of ELS. We, therefore, investigated the volume of hippocampus and amygdala in 25 high alexithymic (h-ALEX) and 25 low alexithymic (l-ALEX) individuals, which were matched with regard to ELS, but significantly differed in their degree of emotional functioning. Volumetric analyses were performed using FSL-FIRST, a method to automatically segment subcortical structures on T1-weighted magnetic resonance images. Alexithymia was assessed using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale and Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire. ELS was assessed by Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and Early Trauma Inventory. Our data showed that ELS was negatively associated with right hippocampus volume in h-ALEX individuals, while there was no such association in the l-ALEX group. Furthermore, ELS was positively associated with left amygdala volume in l-ALEX individuals, but not in individuals with high levels of alexithymia. The present study emphasizes a substantial relationship between intrapersonal factors, such as alexithymia and neural alterations related to the experience of ELS. Longitudinal study designs are necessary to pursue the question of how emotional abilities interact with individual adaptations to early stress exposure on the neural level.",
keywords = "Adult, Affective Symptoms, Amygdala, Female, Functional Laterality, Gray Matter, Hippocampus, Humans, Image Processing, Computer-Assisted, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Male, Middle Aged, Organ Size, Pattern Recognition, Automated, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Questionnaires, Stress, Psychological, Young Adult",
author = "Sabine Aust and Joanna Stasch and Sebastian Jentschke and {Alkan H{\"a}rtwig}, Elif and Stefan Koelsch and Isabella Heuser and Malek Bajbouj",
year = "2014",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1002/hipo.22293",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "1094--1101",
journal = "Hippocampus",
issn = "1050-9631",
publisher = "Wiley-Liss Inc.",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differential effects of early life stress on hippocampus and amygdala volume as a function of emotional abilities

AU - Aust, Sabine

AU - Stasch, Joanna

AU - Jentschke, Sebastian

AU - Alkan Härtwig, Elif

AU - Koelsch, Stefan

AU - Heuser, Isabella

AU - Bajbouj, Malek

PY - 2014/9

Y1 - 2014/9

N2 - Early life stress (ELS) is known to have considerable influence on brain development and affective functioning. Previous studies in clinical populations have shown that hippocampus and amygdala, two central structures of limbic emotion processing circuits, are predominantly affected by early stress exposure. Given the inconsistent findings on ELS-related effects in healthy populations and the associations of ELS and affective functioning, the question arises which additional emotion-relevant variables need to be considered to better understand the effects of ELS. We, therefore, investigated the volume of hippocampus and amygdala in 25 high alexithymic (h-ALEX) and 25 low alexithymic (l-ALEX) individuals, which were matched with regard to ELS, but significantly differed in their degree of emotional functioning. Volumetric analyses were performed using FSL-FIRST, a method to automatically segment subcortical structures on T1-weighted magnetic resonance images. Alexithymia was assessed using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale and Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire. ELS was assessed by Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and Early Trauma Inventory. Our data showed that ELS was negatively associated with right hippocampus volume in h-ALEX individuals, while there was no such association in the l-ALEX group. Furthermore, ELS was positively associated with left amygdala volume in l-ALEX individuals, but not in individuals with high levels of alexithymia. The present study emphasizes a substantial relationship between intrapersonal factors, such as alexithymia and neural alterations related to the experience of ELS. Longitudinal study designs are necessary to pursue the question of how emotional abilities interact with individual adaptations to early stress exposure on the neural level.

AB - Early life stress (ELS) is known to have considerable influence on brain development and affective functioning. Previous studies in clinical populations have shown that hippocampus and amygdala, two central structures of limbic emotion processing circuits, are predominantly affected by early stress exposure. Given the inconsistent findings on ELS-related effects in healthy populations and the associations of ELS and affective functioning, the question arises which additional emotion-relevant variables need to be considered to better understand the effects of ELS. We, therefore, investigated the volume of hippocampus and amygdala in 25 high alexithymic (h-ALEX) and 25 low alexithymic (l-ALEX) individuals, which were matched with regard to ELS, but significantly differed in their degree of emotional functioning. Volumetric analyses were performed using FSL-FIRST, a method to automatically segment subcortical structures on T1-weighted magnetic resonance images. Alexithymia was assessed using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale and Bermond-Vorst Alexithymia Questionnaire. ELS was assessed by Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) and Early Trauma Inventory. Our data showed that ELS was negatively associated with right hippocampus volume in h-ALEX individuals, while there was no such association in the l-ALEX group. Furthermore, ELS was positively associated with left amygdala volume in l-ALEX individuals, but not in individuals with high levels of alexithymia. The present study emphasizes a substantial relationship between intrapersonal factors, such as alexithymia and neural alterations related to the experience of ELS. Longitudinal study designs are necessary to pursue the question of how emotional abilities interact with individual adaptations to early stress exposure on the neural level.

KW - Adult

KW - Affective Symptoms

KW - Amygdala

KW - Female

KW - Functional Laterality

KW - Gray Matter

KW - Hippocampus

KW - Humans

KW - Image Processing, Computer-Assisted

KW - Magnetic Resonance Imaging

KW - Male

KW - Middle Aged

KW - Organ Size

KW - Pattern Recognition, Automated

KW - Psychiatric Status Rating Scales

KW - Questionnaires

KW - Stress, Psychological

KW - Young Adult

U2 - 10.1002/hipo.22293

DO - 10.1002/hipo.22293

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 24753197

VL - 24

SP - 1094

EP - 1101

JO - Hippocampus

JF - Hippocampus

SN - 1050-9631

IS - 9

ER -