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Direct numerical simulation of a liquid sheet in a compressible gas stream in axisymmetric and planar configurations

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Direct numerical simulation of a liquid sheet in a compressible gas stream in axisymmetric and planar configurations. / Siamas, George A.; Jiang, Xi.

In: Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics, Vol. 21, No. 6, 11.2007, p. 447-471.

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Siamas, George A. ; Jiang, Xi. / Direct numerical simulation of a liquid sheet in a compressible gas stream in axisymmetric and planar configurations. In: Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics. 2007 ; Vol. 21, No. 6. pp. 447-471.

Bibtex

@article{fbd475569955400a9241f4888bcf5863,
title = "Direct numerical simulation of a liquid sheet in a compressible gas stream in axisymmetric and planar configurations",
abstract = "A thin liquid sheet present in the shear layer of a compressible gas jet is investigated using an Eulerian approach with mixed-fluid treatment for the governing equations describing the gas-liquid two-phase flow system, where the gas is treated as fully compressible and the liquid as incompressible. The effects of different topological configurations, surface tension, gas pressure and liquid sheet thickness on the flow development of the gas-liquid two-phase flow system have been examined by direct solution of the compressible Navier-Stokes equations using highly accurate numerical schemes. The interface dynamics are captured using volume of fluid and continuum surface force models. The simulations show that the dispersion of the liquid sheet is dominated by vortical structures formed at the jet shear layer due to the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability. The axisymmetric case is less vortical than its planar counterpart that exhibits formation of larger vortical structures and larger liquid dispersion. It has been identified that the vorticity development and the liquid dispersion in a planar configuration are increased at the absence of surface tension, which when present, tends to oppose the development of the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability. An opposite trend was observed for an axisymmetric configuration where surface tension tends to promote the development of vorticity. An increase in vorticity development and liquid dispersion was observed for increased liquid sheet thickness, while a decreasing trend was observed for higher gas pressure. Therefore surface tension, liquid sheet thickness and gas pressure factors all affect the flow vorticity which consequently affects the dispersion of the liquid.",
keywords = "direct numerical simulation, axisymmetric, planar, liquid sheet, surface tension, vortical structure, SURFACE-TENSION, DIRECT COMPUTATION, SUPERSONIC JET, VORTEX SHEETS, INSTABILITY, DISINTEGRATION, RESOLUTION, DYNAMICS, TRACKING, SCHEMES",
author = "Siamas, {George A.} and Xi Jiang",
year = "2007",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1007/s00162-007-0051-4",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "447--471",
journal = "Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics",
issn = "0935-4964",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Direct numerical simulation of a liquid sheet in a compressible gas stream in axisymmetric and planar configurations

AU - Siamas, George A.

AU - Jiang, Xi

PY - 2007/11

Y1 - 2007/11

N2 - A thin liquid sheet present in the shear layer of a compressible gas jet is investigated using an Eulerian approach with mixed-fluid treatment for the governing equations describing the gas-liquid two-phase flow system, where the gas is treated as fully compressible and the liquid as incompressible. The effects of different topological configurations, surface tension, gas pressure and liquid sheet thickness on the flow development of the gas-liquid two-phase flow system have been examined by direct solution of the compressible Navier-Stokes equations using highly accurate numerical schemes. The interface dynamics are captured using volume of fluid and continuum surface force models. The simulations show that the dispersion of the liquid sheet is dominated by vortical structures formed at the jet shear layer due to the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability. The axisymmetric case is less vortical than its planar counterpart that exhibits formation of larger vortical structures and larger liquid dispersion. It has been identified that the vorticity development and the liquid dispersion in a planar configuration are increased at the absence of surface tension, which when present, tends to oppose the development of the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability. An opposite trend was observed for an axisymmetric configuration where surface tension tends to promote the development of vorticity. An increase in vorticity development and liquid dispersion was observed for increased liquid sheet thickness, while a decreasing trend was observed for higher gas pressure. Therefore surface tension, liquid sheet thickness and gas pressure factors all affect the flow vorticity which consequently affects the dispersion of the liquid.

AB - A thin liquid sheet present in the shear layer of a compressible gas jet is investigated using an Eulerian approach with mixed-fluid treatment for the governing equations describing the gas-liquid two-phase flow system, where the gas is treated as fully compressible and the liquid as incompressible. The effects of different topological configurations, surface tension, gas pressure and liquid sheet thickness on the flow development of the gas-liquid two-phase flow system have been examined by direct solution of the compressible Navier-Stokes equations using highly accurate numerical schemes. The interface dynamics are captured using volume of fluid and continuum surface force models. The simulations show that the dispersion of the liquid sheet is dominated by vortical structures formed at the jet shear layer due to the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability. The axisymmetric case is less vortical than its planar counterpart that exhibits formation of larger vortical structures and larger liquid dispersion. It has been identified that the vorticity development and the liquid dispersion in a planar configuration are increased at the absence of surface tension, which when present, tends to oppose the development of the Kelvin-Helmholtz instability. An opposite trend was observed for an axisymmetric configuration where surface tension tends to promote the development of vorticity. An increase in vorticity development and liquid dispersion was observed for increased liquid sheet thickness, while a decreasing trend was observed for higher gas pressure. Therefore surface tension, liquid sheet thickness and gas pressure factors all affect the flow vorticity which consequently affects the dispersion of the liquid.

KW - direct numerical simulation

KW - axisymmetric

KW - planar

KW - liquid sheet

KW - surface tension

KW - vortical structure

KW - SURFACE-TENSION

KW - DIRECT COMPUTATION

KW - SUPERSONIC JET

KW - VORTEX SHEETS

KW - INSTABILITY

KW - DISINTEGRATION

KW - RESOLUTION

KW - DYNAMICS

KW - TRACKING

KW - SCHEMES

U2 - 10.1007/s00162-007-0051-4

DO - 10.1007/s00162-007-0051-4

M3 - Journal article

VL - 21

SP - 447

EP - 471

JO - Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics

JF - Theoretical and Computational Fluid Dynamics

SN - 0935-4964

IS - 6

ER -