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Distortions of perceived volume and length of body parts

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Distortions of perceived volume and length of body parts. / Sadibolova, R.; Ferrè, E.R.; Linkenauger, S.A. et al.

In: Cortex, Vol. 111, 02.2019, p. 74-86.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

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Sadibolova R, Ferrè ER, Linkenauger SA, Longo MR. Distortions of perceived volume and length of body parts. Cortex. 2019 Feb;111:74-86. Epub 2018 Nov 1. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2018.10.016

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Sadibolova, R. ; Ferrè, E.R. ; Linkenauger, S.A. et al. / Distortions of perceived volume and length of body parts. In: Cortex. 2019 ; Vol. 111. pp. 74-86.

Bibtex

@article{6d75d595ca30401ca719af7ad1a40e82,
title = "Distortions of perceived volume and length of body parts",
abstract = "We experience our body as a 3D, volumetric object in the world. Measures of our conscious body image, in contrast, have investigated the perception of body size along one or two dimensions at a time. There is, thus, a discrepancy between existing methods for measuring body image and our subjective experience of having 3D body. Here we assessed in a sample of healthy adults the perception of body size in terms of its 1D length and 3D volume. Participants were randomly assigned to two groups using different measuring units (other body part and non-body object). They estimated how many units would fit in a perceived size of body segments and the whole body. The patterns of length and volume misperception across judged segments were determined as their perceived size proportional to their actual size. The pattern of volume misperception paints the representation of 3D body proportions resembling those of a somatosensory homunculus. The body parts with a smaller actual surface area relative to their volume were underestimated more. There was a tendency for body parts underestimated in volume to be overestimated in length. Perceived body proportions thus changed as a function of judgement type while showing a similarity in magnitude of the absolute estimation error, be it an underestimation of volume or overestimation of length. The main contribution of this study is assessing the body image as a 3D body representation, and thus extending beyond the conventional {\textquoteleft}allocentric{\textquoteright} focus to include the body on the inside. Our findings highlight the value of studying the perceptual distortions “at the baseline”, i.e., in healthy population, so as to advance the understanding of the nature of perceptual distortions in clinical conditions. {\textcopyright} 2018 The Authors",
keywords = "3D body, Body image, Body proportions, Body size perception, Surface area to volume ratio",
author = "R. Sadibolova and E.R. Ferr{\`e} and S.A. Linkenauger and M.R. Longo",
year = "2019",
month = feb,
doi = "10.1016/j.cortex.2018.10.016",
language = "English",
volume = "111",
pages = "74--86",
journal = "Cortex",
issn = "0010-9452",
publisher = "Masson SpA",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Distortions of perceived volume and length of body parts

AU - Sadibolova, R.

AU - Ferrè, E.R.

AU - Linkenauger, S.A.

AU - Longo, M.R.

PY - 2019/2

Y1 - 2019/2

N2 - We experience our body as a 3D, volumetric object in the world. Measures of our conscious body image, in contrast, have investigated the perception of body size along one or two dimensions at a time. There is, thus, a discrepancy between existing methods for measuring body image and our subjective experience of having 3D body. Here we assessed in a sample of healthy adults the perception of body size in terms of its 1D length and 3D volume. Participants were randomly assigned to two groups using different measuring units (other body part and non-body object). They estimated how many units would fit in a perceived size of body segments and the whole body. The patterns of length and volume misperception across judged segments were determined as their perceived size proportional to their actual size. The pattern of volume misperception paints the representation of 3D body proportions resembling those of a somatosensory homunculus. The body parts with a smaller actual surface area relative to their volume were underestimated more. There was a tendency for body parts underestimated in volume to be overestimated in length. Perceived body proportions thus changed as a function of judgement type while showing a similarity in magnitude of the absolute estimation error, be it an underestimation of volume or overestimation of length. The main contribution of this study is assessing the body image as a 3D body representation, and thus extending beyond the conventional ‘allocentric’ focus to include the body on the inside. Our findings highlight the value of studying the perceptual distortions “at the baseline”, i.e., in healthy population, so as to advance the understanding of the nature of perceptual distortions in clinical conditions. © 2018 The Authors

AB - We experience our body as a 3D, volumetric object in the world. Measures of our conscious body image, in contrast, have investigated the perception of body size along one or two dimensions at a time. There is, thus, a discrepancy between existing methods for measuring body image and our subjective experience of having 3D body. Here we assessed in a sample of healthy adults the perception of body size in terms of its 1D length and 3D volume. Participants were randomly assigned to two groups using different measuring units (other body part and non-body object). They estimated how many units would fit in a perceived size of body segments and the whole body. The patterns of length and volume misperception across judged segments were determined as their perceived size proportional to their actual size. The pattern of volume misperception paints the representation of 3D body proportions resembling those of a somatosensory homunculus. The body parts with a smaller actual surface area relative to their volume were underestimated more. There was a tendency for body parts underestimated in volume to be overestimated in length. Perceived body proportions thus changed as a function of judgement type while showing a similarity in magnitude of the absolute estimation error, be it an underestimation of volume or overestimation of length. The main contribution of this study is assessing the body image as a 3D body representation, and thus extending beyond the conventional ‘allocentric’ focus to include the body on the inside. Our findings highlight the value of studying the perceptual distortions “at the baseline”, i.e., in healthy population, so as to advance the understanding of the nature of perceptual distortions in clinical conditions. © 2018 The Authors

KW - 3D body

KW - Body image

KW - Body proportions

KW - Body size perception

KW - Surface area to volume ratio

U2 - 10.1016/j.cortex.2018.10.016

DO - 10.1016/j.cortex.2018.10.016

M3 - Journal article

VL - 111

SP - 74

EP - 86

JO - Cortex

JF - Cortex

SN - 0010-9452

ER -