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Dithiolene Complexes of First Row Transition Metals for Symmetric Non-Aqueous Redox Flow Batteries

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>8/10/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>ChemSusChem
Issue number19
Volume12
Number of pages10
Pages (from-to)4506-4515
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date6/08/19
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Five metal complexes of the dithiolene ligand maleonitriledithiolate (mnt2−) with M=V, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu were studied as redox‐active materials for nonaqueous redox flow batteries (RFBs). All five complexes exhibit at least two redox processes, making them applicable to symmetric RFBs as single‐species electrolytes, that is, as both negolyte and posolyte. Charge–discharge cycling in a small‐scale RFB gave modest performances for [(tea)2Vmnt], [(tea)2Comnt], and [(tea)2Cumnt] whereas [(tea)Femnt] and [(tea)2Nimnt] (tea=tetraethylammonium) failed to hold any significant capacity, indicating poor stability. Independent negolyte‐ and posolyte‐only battery cycling of a single redox couple, as well as UV/Vis spectroscopy, showed that for [(tea)2Vmnt] the negolyte is stable whereas the posolyte is unstable over multiple charge–discharge cycles; for [(tea)2Comnt], [(tea)2Nimnt], and [(tea)2Cumnt], the negolyte suffers rapid capacity fading although the posolyte is more robust. Identifying a means to stabilize Vmnt3−/2− as a negolyte, and Comnt2−/1−, Nimnt2−/1−, and Cumnt2−/1− as posolytes could lead to their use in asymmetric RFBs.