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Do plant species encourage soil biota that specialise in the rapid decomposition of their litter?

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Do plant species encourage soil biota that specialise in the rapid decomposition of their litter? / Ayres, Edward; Dromph, Karsten M.; Bardgett, Richard D.

In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry, Vol. 38, No. 1, 01.2006, p. 183-186.

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Ayres, Edward ; Dromph, Karsten M. ; Bardgett, Richard D. / Do plant species encourage soil biota that specialise in the rapid decomposition of their litter?. In: Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 2006 ; Vol. 38, No. 1. pp. 183-186.

Bibtex

@article{f2c1fe653fb84f459d6139e0ea2f6eca,
title = "Do plant species encourage soil biota that specialise in the rapid decomposition of their litter?",
abstract = "Plants are often nutrient limited and soil organisms are important in mediating nutrient availability to plants. Thus, there may be a selective advantage to plants that alter the soil community in ways that enhance the decomposition of their litter and, hence, their ability to access nutrients. We incubated litter from three tree species (Fagus sylvatica, Acer pseudoplatanus and Picea sitchensis) in the presence of biota extracted from soil beneath a stand of each species to test the hypothesis that litter decomposes fastest in the presence of biota derived from soil where that species is locally abundant. We found that respiration rate, a measure of decomposer activity and carbon mineralisation, was affected by litter type and source of soil biota, whereas, mass loss was only affected by litter type. However, litter from each tree species did not decompose faster in the presence of indigenous soil biota. These findings, therefore, provide no support for the notion that woodland plants encourage the development of soil communities that rapidly decompose their litter.",
keywords = "Leaf litter, Decomposition, Mass loss, Soil biota, Flora, Fauna, Community structure, Respiration, Nutrient cycling, Local adaptation",
author = "Edward Ayres and Dromph, {Karsten M.} and Bardgett, {Richard D.}",
year = "2006",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.04.018",
language = "English",
volume = "38",
pages = "183--186",
journal = "Soil Biology and Biochemistry",
issn = "0038-0717",
publisher = "Elsevier Ltd",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do plant species encourage soil biota that specialise in the rapid decomposition of their litter?

AU - Ayres, Edward

AU - Dromph, Karsten M.

AU - Bardgett, Richard D.

PY - 2006/1

Y1 - 2006/1

N2 - Plants are often nutrient limited and soil organisms are important in mediating nutrient availability to plants. Thus, there may be a selective advantage to plants that alter the soil community in ways that enhance the decomposition of their litter and, hence, their ability to access nutrients. We incubated litter from three tree species (Fagus sylvatica, Acer pseudoplatanus and Picea sitchensis) in the presence of biota extracted from soil beneath a stand of each species to test the hypothesis that litter decomposes fastest in the presence of biota derived from soil where that species is locally abundant. We found that respiration rate, a measure of decomposer activity and carbon mineralisation, was affected by litter type and source of soil biota, whereas, mass loss was only affected by litter type. However, litter from each tree species did not decompose faster in the presence of indigenous soil biota. These findings, therefore, provide no support for the notion that woodland plants encourage the development of soil communities that rapidly decompose their litter.

AB - Plants are often nutrient limited and soil organisms are important in mediating nutrient availability to plants. Thus, there may be a selective advantage to plants that alter the soil community in ways that enhance the decomposition of their litter and, hence, their ability to access nutrients. We incubated litter from three tree species (Fagus sylvatica, Acer pseudoplatanus and Picea sitchensis) in the presence of biota extracted from soil beneath a stand of each species to test the hypothesis that litter decomposes fastest in the presence of biota derived from soil where that species is locally abundant. We found that respiration rate, a measure of decomposer activity and carbon mineralisation, was affected by litter type and source of soil biota, whereas, mass loss was only affected by litter type. However, litter from each tree species did not decompose faster in the presence of indigenous soil biota. These findings, therefore, provide no support for the notion that woodland plants encourage the development of soil communities that rapidly decompose their litter.

KW - Leaf litter

KW - Decomposition

KW - Mass loss

KW - Soil biota

KW - Flora

KW - Fauna

KW - Community structure

KW - Respiration

KW - Nutrient cycling

KW - Local adaptation

U2 - 10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.04.018

DO - 10.1016/j.soilbio.2005.04.018

M3 - Journal article

VL - 38

SP - 183

EP - 186

JO - Soil Biology and Biochemistry

JF - Soil Biology and Biochemistry

SN - 0038-0717

IS - 1

ER -