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Does culture affect the performance of private equity buyouts?

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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/05/2018
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Business Economics
Volume88
Number of pages77
Pages (from-to)393-469
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date28/11/17
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

This paper uses GLOBE’s performance orientation (PO) dimension to investigate the relationship between national culture and private equity (PE) performance. We argue that high PO has negative performance implications as it provides the lowest potential for portfolio firms to benefit from a spillover of the distinct PE performance focus, and vice versa. To test this hypothesis, we analyze operating performance metrics of 946 deals from 26 European countries and exit channels of 5093 global deals from 67 countries. Consistent with the “spillover hypothesis”, we find that higher levels of PO are detrimental to efficiency improvements and increase the probability for unsuccessful exits. These findings hold after addressing endogeneity concerns, confounding and measurement error.