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Does greater leaf-level photosynthesis explain the larger solar energy conversion efficiency of Miscanthus relative to switchgrass?

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Does greater leaf-level photosynthesis explain the larger solar energy conversion efficiency of Miscanthus relative to switchgrass? / Dohleman, F. G.; Heaton, E. A.; Leakey, A. D. B.; Long, S. P.

In: Plant, Cell and Environment, Vol. 32, No. 11, 11.2009, p. 1525-1537.

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Dohleman, F. G. ; Heaton, E. A. ; Leakey, A. D. B. ; Long, S. P. / Does greater leaf-level photosynthesis explain the larger solar energy conversion efficiency of Miscanthus relative to switchgrass?. In: Plant, Cell and Environment. 2009 ; Vol. 32, No. 11. pp. 1525-1537.

Bibtex

@article{c80aa8568744489ba4f76271d87abd25,
title = "Does greater leaf-level photosynthesis explain the larger solar energy conversion efficiency of Miscanthus relative to switchgrass?",
abstract = "C(4) perennial grasses are being considered for bioenergy because of their high productivity and low inputs. In side-by-side replicated trials, Miscanthus (Miscanthus x giganteus) has previously been found more than twice as productive as switchgrass (Panicum virgatum). The hypothesis that this difference is attributable to higher leaf photosynthetic rates was tested on established plots of switchgrass and Miscanthus in central Illinois with > 3300 individual measurements on 20 dates across the 2005 and 2006 growing seasons. Seasonally integrated leaf-level photosynthesis was 33% higher in Miscanthus than switchgrass (P <0.0001). This increase in carbon assimilation comes at the expense of additional transpiration since stomatal conductance was on average 25% higher in Miscanthus (P <0.0001). Whole-chain electron transport rate, measured simultaneously by modulated chlorophyll fluorescence, was similarly 23% higher in Miscanthus (P <0.0001). Efficiencies of light energy transduction into whole chain photosynthetic electron transport, leaf nitrogen use and leaf water use were all significantly higher in Miscanthus. These may all contribute to its higher photosynthetic rates, and in turn, productivity. Systematic measurement of photosynthesis over two complete growing seasons in the field provides a unique dataset explaining why the productivity of these two species differs and for validating mechanistic production models for these emerging bioenergy crops.",
keywords = "Miscanthus, Panicum, bioenergy, biofuel, diurnal, feedstock, fluorescence, photosynthesis, productivity, switchgrass, NITROGEN-USE EFFICIENCY, X GIGANTEUS, C-4 PHOTOSYNTHESIS, ZEA-MAYS, GROWTH TEMPERATURES, NAD-ME, GRASSES, CROP, PHOTOINHIBITION, TOLERANCE",
author = "Dohleman, {F. G.} and Heaton, {E. A.} and Leakey, {A. D. B.} and Long, {S. P.}",
year = "2009",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.02017.x",
language = "English",
volume = "32",
pages = "1525--1537",
journal = "Plant, Cell and Environment",
issn = "0140-7791",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "11",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does greater leaf-level photosynthesis explain the larger solar energy conversion efficiency of Miscanthus relative to switchgrass?

AU - Dohleman, F. G.

AU - Heaton, E. A.

AU - Leakey, A. D. B.

AU - Long, S. P.

PY - 2009/11

Y1 - 2009/11

N2 - C(4) perennial grasses are being considered for bioenergy because of their high productivity and low inputs. In side-by-side replicated trials, Miscanthus (Miscanthus x giganteus) has previously been found more than twice as productive as switchgrass (Panicum virgatum). The hypothesis that this difference is attributable to higher leaf photosynthetic rates was tested on established plots of switchgrass and Miscanthus in central Illinois with > 3300 individual measurements on 20 dates across the 2005 and 2006 growing seasons. Seasonally integrated leaf-level photosynthesis was 33% higher in Miscanthus than switchgrass (P <0.0001). This increase in carbon assimilation comes at the expense of additional transpiration since stomatal conductance was on average 25% higher in Miscanthus (P <0.0001). Whole-chain electron transport rate, measured simultaneously by modulated chlorophyll fluorescence, was similarly 23% higher in Miscanthus (P <0.0001). Efficiencies of light energy transduction into whole chain photosynthetic electron transport, leaf nitrogen use and leaf water use were all significantly higher in Miscanthus. These may all contribute to its higher photosynthetic rates, and in turn, productivity. Systematic measurement of photosynthesis over two complete growing seasons in the field provides a unique dataset explaining why the productivity of these two species differs and for validating mechanistic production models for these emerging bioenergy crops.

AB - C(4) perennial grasses are being considered for bioenergy because of their high productivity and low inputs. In side-by-side replicated trials, Miscanthus (Miscanthus x giganteus) has previously been found more than twice as productive as switchgrass (Panicum virgatum). The hypothesis that this difference is attributable to higher leaf photosynthetic rates was tested on established plots of switchgrass and Miscanthus in central Illinois with > 3300 individual measurements on 20 dates across the 2005 and 2006 growing seasons. Seasonally integrated leaf-level photosynthesis was 33% higher in Miscanthus than switchgrass (P <0.0001). This increase in carbon assimilation comes at the expense of additional transpiration since stomatal conductance was on average 25% higher in Miscanthus (P <0.0001). Whole-chain electron transport rate, measured simultaneously by modulated chlorophyll fluorescence, was similarly 23% higher in Miscanthus (P <0.0001). Efficiencies of light energy transduction into whole chain photosynthetic electron transport, leaf nitrogen use and leaf water use were all significantly higher in Miscanthus. These may all contribute to its higher photosynthetic rates, and in turn, productivity. Systematic measurement of photosynthesis over two complete growing seasons in the field provides a unique dataset explaining why the productivity of these two species differs and for validating mechanistic production models for these emerging bioenergy crops.

KW - Miscanthus

KW - Panicum

KW - bioenergy

KW - biofuel

KW - diurnal

KW - feedstock

KW - fluorescence

KW - photosynthesis

KW - productivity

KW - switchgrass

KW - NITROGEN-USE EFFICIENCY

KW - X GIGANTEUS

KW - C-4 PHOTOSYNTHESIS

KW - ZEA-MAYS

KW - GROWTH TEMPERATURES

KW - NAD-ME

KW - GRASSES

KW - CROP

KW - PHOTOINHIBITION

KW - TOLERANCE

U2 - 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.02017.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1365-3040.2009.02017.x

M3 - Journal article

VL - 32

SP - 1525

EP - 1537

JO - Plant, Cell and Environment

JF - Plant, Cell and Environment

SN - 0140-7791

IS - 11

ER -