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  • Ramos_etal_JournalNeurolinguistics2016

    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Neurolinguistics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Neurolinguistics, 43, Part A, 2017 DOI: 10.1016/j.jneuroling.2016.09.001

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Does learning a language in the elderly enhance switching ability?

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

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Does learning a language in the elderly enhance switching ability? / Ramos, Sara; Fernández García, Yuriem; Antón, Eneko; Casaponsa, Aina; Duñabeitia, Jon Andoni.

In: Journal of Neurolinguistics, Vol. 43, No. Part A, 01.08.2017, p. 39-48.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Ramos, S, Fernández García, Y, Antón, E, Casaponsa, A & Duñabeitia, JA 2017, 'Does learning a language in the elderly enhance switching ability?', Journal of Neurolinguistics, vol. 43, no. Part A, pp. 39-48.

APA

Ramos, S., Fernández García, Y., Antón, E., Casaponsa, A., & Duñabeitia, J. A. (2017). Does learning a language in the elderly enhance switching ability? Journal of Neurolinguistics, 43(Part A), 39-48.

Vancouver

Ramos S, Fernández García Y, Antón E, Casaponsa A, Duñabeitia JA. Does learning a language in the elderly enhance switching ability? Journal of Neurolinguistics. 2017 Aug 1;43(Part A):39-48.

Author

Ramos, Sara ; Fernández García, Yuriem ; Antón, Eneko ; Casaponsa, Aina ; Duñabeitia, Jon Andoni. / Does learning a language in the elderly enhance switching ability?. In: Journal of Neurolinguistics. 2017 ; Vol. 43, No. Part A. pp. 39-48.

Bibtex

@article{196ed34c6143401ca53a85a2eee939c1,
title = "Does learning a language in the elderly enhance switching ability?",
abstract = "The bilingual advantage has been subject of research repeatedly over the last decade. Many studies have supported the idea of the existence of a higher functioning in domain general cognitive abilities among bilingual samples as compared to monolingual samples. However, this idea has been recently challenged by a number of scholars, and a recent body of evidence suggests that the acquisition of a new language does not necessarily involve an enhancement of domain-general non-linguistic abilities. In the current study we aimed at exploring the relationship between language learning and switching ability in elderly monolingual participants who learned a second language during a whole academic year. A colour-shape switching task was used as a measure of switching ability and was administered twice in a pre-test/post-test design, both to the critical group of seniors attending a language-learning course on a regular basis and to a group of age-matched monolingual seniors who did not attend to any language-learning course and that served as controls. Results showed that switching costs in the post-test were not significantly different from those in the pre-test in either the experimental or the control groups, demonstrating that the acquisition of a second language in the elderly does not necessarily lead to an enhancement of switching ability as measured by switching costs. We acknowledge the need of further longitudinal L2 training studies to reach clear conclusions on the effects of language learning in domain-general executive control.",
keywords = "Switching, Cognitive reserve, Bilingualism, Second language acquisition, Language learning, Bilingual advantage, Cognitive flexibility",
author = "Sara Ramos and {Fern{\'a}ndez Garc{\'i}a}, Yuriem and Eneko Ant{\'o}n and Aina Casaponsa and Du{\~n}abeitia, {Jon Andoni}",
note = "This is the author{\textquoteright}s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Neurolinguistics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Neurolinguistics, 43, Part A, 2017 DOI: 10.1016/j.jneuroling.2016.09.001",
year = "2017",
month = aug,
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "43",
pages = "39--48",
journal = "Journal of Neurolinguistics",
issn = "0911-6044",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",
number = "Part A",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Does learning a language in the elderly enhance switching ability?

AU - Ramos, Sara

AU - Fernández García, Yuriem

AU - Antón, Eneko

AU - Casaponsa, Aina

AU - Duñabeitia, Jon Andoni

N1 - This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Neurolinguistics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Neurolinguistics, 43, Part A, 2017 DOI: 10.1016/j.jneuroling.2016.09.001

PY - 2017/8/1

Y1 - 2017/8/1

N2 - The bilingual advantage has been subject of research repeatedly over the last decade. Many studies have supported the idea of the existence of a higher functioning in domain general cognitive abilities among bilingual samples as compared to monolingual samples. However, this idea has been recently challenged by a number of scholars, and a recent body of evidence suggests that the acquisition of a new language does not necessarily involve an enhancement of domain-general non-linguistic abilities. In the current study we aimed at exploring the relationship between language learning and switching ability in elderly monolingual participants who learned a second language during a whole academic year. A colour-shape switching task was used as a measure of switching ability and was administered twice in a pre-test/post-test design, both to the critical group of seniors attending a language-learning course on a regular basis and to a group of age-matched monolingual seniors who did not attend to any language-learning course and that served as controls. Results showed that switching costs in the post-test were not significantly different from those in the pre-test in either the experimental or the control groups, demonstrating that the acquisition of a second language in the elderly does not necessarily lead to an enhancement of switching ability as measured by switching costs. We acknowledge the need of further longitudinal L2 training studies to reach clear conclusions on the effects of language learning in domain-general executive control.

AB - The bilingual advantage has been subject of research repeatedly over the last decade. Many studies have supported the idea of the existence of a higher functioning in domain general cognitive abilities among bilingual samples as compared to monolingual samples. However, this idea has been recently challenged by a number of scholars, and a recent body of evidence suggests that the acquisition of a new language does not necessarily involve an enhancement of domain-general non-linguistic abilities. In the current study we aimed at exploring the relationship between language learning and switching ability in elderly monolingual participants who learned a second language during a whole academic year. A colour-shape switching task was used as a measure of switching ability and was administered twice in a pre-test/post-test design, both to the critical group of seniors attending a language-learning course on a regular basis and to a group of age-matched monolingual seniors who did not attend to any language-learning course and that served as controls. Results showed that switching costs in the post-test were not significantly different from those in the pre-test in either the experimental or the control groups, demonstrating that the acquisition of a second language in the elderly does not necessarily lead to an enhancement of switching ability as measured by switching costs. We acknowledge the need of further longitudinal L2 training studies to reach clear conclusions on the effects of language learning in domain-general executive control.

KW - Switching

KW - Cognitive reserve

KW - Bilingualism

KW - Second language acquisition

KW - Language learning

KW - Bilingual advantage

KW - Cognitive flexibility

M3 - Journal article

VL - 43

SP - 39

EP - 48

JO - Journal of Neurolinguistics

JF - Journal of Neurolinguistics

SN - 0911-6044

IS - Part A

ER -