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Downscaling Gridded DEMs Using the Hopfield Neural Network

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
  • Quang Minh Nguyen
  • Thi Thu Huong Nguyen
  • Phu Hien La
  • Hugh G. Lewis
  • Peter Atkinson
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>13/12/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Remote Sensing
Issue number11
Volume12
Number of pages12
Pages (from-to)4426-4437
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date12/12/19
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

A new Hopfield neural network (HNN) model for downscaling a digital elevation model in grid form (gridded DEM) is proposed. The HNN downscaling model works by minimizing the local semivariance as a goal, and by matching the original coarse spatial resolution elevation value as a constraint. The HNN model is defined such that each pixel of the original coarse DEM is divided into f × f subpixels, represented as network neurons. The elevation of each subpixel is then derived iteratively (i.e., optimized) based on minimizing the local semivariance under the coarse elevation constraint. The proposed HNN model was tested against three commonly applied alternative benchmark methods (bilinear resampling, bicubic and Kriging resampling methods) via an experiment using both degraded and sampled datasets at 20-, 60-, and 90-m spatial resolutions. For this task, a simple linear activation function was used in the HNN model. Evaluation of the proposed model was accomplished comprehensively with visual and quantitative assessments against the benchmarks. Visual assessment was based on direct comparison of the same topographic features in different downscaled images, scatterplots, and DEM profiles. Quantitative assessment was based on commonly used parameters for DEM accuracy assessment such as the root mean square error, linear regression parameters m and b, and the correlation coefficient R. Both visual and quantitative assessments revealed the much greater accuracy of the HNN model for increasing the grid density of gridded DEMs.

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©2019 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.