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Drivers of bird diversity in an understudied African centre of endemism: The Angolan Central Escarpment Forest

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

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Drivers of bird diversity in an understudied African centre of endemism : The Angolan Central Escarpment Forest. / Caceres, Aimy; Melo, Martim; Barlow, Jos et al.

In: Bird Conservation International, Vol. 27, No. 2, 06.2017, p. 256-268.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Caceres, A, Melo, M, Barlow, J, De Lima, RF & Mills, MSL 2017, 'Drivers of bird diversity in an understudied African centre of endemism: The Angolan Central Escarpment Forest', Bird Conservation International, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 256-268. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0959270917000119

APA

Caceres, A., Melo, M., Barlow, J., De Lima, R. F., & Mills, M. S. L. (2017). Drivers of bird diversity in an understudied African centre of endemism: The Angolan Central Escarpment Forest. Bird Conservation International, 27(2), 256-268. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0959270917000119

Vancouver

Caceres A, Melo M, Barlow J, De Lima RF, Mills MSL. Drivers of bird diversity in an understudied African centre of endemism: The Angolan Central Escarpment Forest. Bird Conservation International. 2017 Jun;27(2):256-268. Epub 2017 Feb 27. doi: 10.1017/S0959270917000119

Author

Caceres, Aimy ; Melo, Martim ; Barlow, Jos et al. / Drivers of bird diversity in an understudied African centre of endemism : The Angolan Central Escarpment Forest. In: Bird Conservation International. 2017 ; Vol. 27, No. 2. pp. 256-268.

Bibtex

@article{ac90d0dc7004481b8bafe231eb549457,
title = "Drivers of bird diversity in an understudied African centre of endemism: The Angolan Central Escarpment Forest",
abstract = "Natural habitats are being rapidly lost due to human activities. It is therefore vital to understand how these activities influence biodiversity so that suitable guidelines can be established for conservation. This is particularly important in understudied, high biodiversity, areas such as the Angolan Escarpment. Here we examine which habitat characteristics drive bird diversity and endemic species presence at Kumbira Forest, a key site in the Central Escarpment Forest. Bird diversity was sampled by 10 min bird point counts, whereas habitat characteristics were measured by a combination of ground-based vegetation surveys and remotely sensed data modelling of Landsat images. GLM, multi-model inference and model averaging were used to determine the most important variables driving species richness and the presence of endemics. The remote sensing variables performed poorly in predicting presence of Red-crested Turaco Tauraco erythrolophus and Gabela Bushshrike Laniarius amboimensis but they contributed significantly to explain species richness and Gabela Akalat Sheppardia gabela presence, both of which were associated with greater canopy cover. Liana density and elevation were also important explanatory variables in certain cases. Conservation actions at Kumbira should focus on increasing canopy cover and maintaining forest integrity (as measured by liana density), as these actions are likely to have the most positive outcomes for the avifauna.",
keywords = "HUMAN-MODIFIED WORLD, CONSERVATION PRIORITIES, BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS, TROPICAL BIODIVERSITY, THREATENED BIRDS, KUMBIRA FOREST, ECOLOGY, RESPONSES, MODELS, AREA",
author = "Aimy Caceres and Martim Melo and Jos Barlow and {De Lima}, {Ricardo Faustino} and Mills, {Michael S. L.}",
note = "https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/bird-conservation-international/article/drivers-of-bird-diversity-in-an-understudied-african-centre-of-endemism-the-angolan-central-escarpment-forest/5B5A049D805D600400909E0F939F2BC7 The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Bird Conservation International, 27, pp 256-268 2017, {\textcopyright} 2017 Cambridge University Press.",
year = "2017",
month = jun,
doi = "10.1017/S0959270917000119",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "256--268",
journal = "Bird Conservation International",
issn = "0959-2709",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Drivers of bird diversity in an understudied African centre of endemism

T2 - The Angolan Central Escarpment Forest

AU - Caceres, Aimy

AU - Melo, Martim

AU - Barlow, Jos

AU - De Lima, Ricardo Faustino

AU - Mills, Michael S. L.

N1 - https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/bird-conservation-international/article/drivers-of-bird-diversity-in-an-understudied-african-centre-of-endemism-the-angolan-central-escarpment-forest/5B5A049D805D600400909E0F939F2BC7 The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Bird Conservation International, 27, pp 256-268 2017, © 2017 Cambridge University Press.

PY - 2017/6

Y1 - 2017/6

N2 - Natural habitats are being rapidly lost due to human activities. It is therefore vital to understand how these activities influence biodiversity so that suitable guidelines can be established for conservation. This is particularly important in understudied, high biodiversity, areas such as the Angolan Escarpment. Here we examine which habitat characteristics drive bird diversity and endemic species presence at Kumbira Forest, a key site in the Central Escarpment Forest. Bird diversity was sampled by 10 min bird point counts, whereas habitat characteristics were measured by a combination of ground-based vegetation surveys and remotely sensed data modelling of Landsat images. GLM, multi-model inference and model averaging were used to determine the most important variables driving species richness and the presence of endemics. The remote sensing variables performed poorly in predicting presence of Red-crested Turaco Tauraco erythrolophus and Gabela Bushshrike Laniarius amboimensis but they contributed significantly to explain species richness and Gabela Akalat Sheppardia gabela presence, both of which were associated with greater canopy cover. Liana density and elevation were also important explanatory variables in certain cases. Conservation actions at Kumbira should focus on increasing canopy cover and maintaining forest integrity (as measured by liana density), as these actions are likely to have the most positive outcomes for the avifauna.

AB - Natural habitats are being rapidly lost due to human activities. It is therefore vital to understand how these activities influence biodiversity so that suitable guidelines can be established for conservation. This is particularly important in understudied, high biodiversity, areas such as the Angolan Escarpment. Here we examine which habitat characteristics drive bird diversity and endemic species presence at Kumbira Forest, a key site in the Central Escarpment Forest. Bird diversity was sampled by 10 min bird point counts, whereas habitat characteristics were measured by a combination of ground-based vegetation surveys and remotely sensed data modelling of Landsat images. GLM, multi-model inference and model averaging were used to determine the most important variables driving species richness and the presence of endemics. The remote sensing variables performed poorly in predicting presence of Red-crested Turaco Tauraco erythrolophus and Gabela Bushshrike Laniarius amboimensis but they contributed significantly to explain species richness and Gabela Akalat Sheppardia gabela presence, both of which were associated with greater canopy cover. Liana density and elevation were also important explanatory variables in certain cases. Conservation actions at Kumbira should focus on increasing canopy cover and maintaining forest integrity (as measured by liana density), as these actions are likely to have the most positive outcomes for the avifauna.

KW - HUMAN-MODIFIED WORLD

KW - CONSERVATION PRIORITIES

KW - BIODIVERSITY HOTSPOTS

KW - TROPICAL BIODIVERSITY

KW - THREATENED BIRDS

KW - KUMBIRA FOREST

KW - ECOLOGY

KW - RESPONSES

KW - MODELS

KW - AREA

U2 - 10.1017/S0959270917000119

DO - 10.1017/S0959270917000119

M3 - Journal article

VL - 27

SP - 256

EP - 268

JO - Bird Conservation International

JF - Bird Conservation International

SN - 0959-2709

IS - 2

ER -