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Early life shocks and mental health: Long-term effects of war in Vietnam

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Article number102244
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>1/11/2019
<mark>Journal</mark>Journal of Development Economics
Number of pages15
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date21/06/18
<mark>Original language</mark>English


This paper provides causal evidence on early-life exposure to war on mental health status in adulthood. Using an instrumental variable strategy, the evidence indicates that early-life exposure to bombing during the American war in Vietnam has long-term effects. A one percent increase in bombing intensity during 1965–75 increases the likelihood of severe mental distress in adulthood by 16 percentage points (or approximately 50 percent of the mean) and this result is robust to a variety of sensitivity checks. The negative effects of war are similar for both men and women. These findings add to the evidence on the enduring consequences of conflict and identify a critical area for policy intervention.