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Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe

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Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe. / Parfitt, Simon; Ashton, Nick; Lewis, Simon et al.

In: Nature, Vol. 466, No. 7303, 08.07.2010, p. 229-233.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Parfitt, S, Ashton, N, Lewis, S, Abel, R, Coope, R, Field, M, Gale, R, Hoare, P, Larkin, NR, Lewis, MD, Karloukovski, V, Maher, B, Peglar, SM, Preece, RC, Whittaker, JE & Stringer, CB 2010, 'Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe', Nature, vol. 466, no. 7303, pp. 229-233. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09117

APA

Parfitt, S., Ashton, N., Lewis, S., Abel, R., Coope, R., Field, M., Gale, R., Hoare, P., Larkin, N. R., Lewis, M. D., Karloukovski, V., Maher, B., Peglar, S. M., Preece, R. C., Whittaker, J. E., & Stringer, C. B. (2010). Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe. Nature, 466(7303), 229-233. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature09117

Vancouver

Parfitt S, Ashton N, Lewis S, Abel R, Coope R, Field M et al. Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe. Nature. 2010 Jul 8;466(7303):229-233. doi: 10.1038/nature09117

Author

Parfitt, Simon ; Ashton, Nick ; Lewis, Simon et al. / Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe. In: Nature. 2010 ; Vol. 466, No. 7303. pp. 229-233.

Bibtex

@article{bacfc455a3134b5598632f199b58c2ca,
title = "Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe",
abstract = "The dispersal of early humans from Africa by 1.75 Myr ago led to a marked expansion of their range, from the island of Flores in theeast to the Iberian peninsula in the west1–5. This range encompassed tropical forest, savannah and Mediterranean habitats, buthas hitherto not been demonstrated beyond 456 N. Until recently, early colonization in Europe was thought to be confined to the areasouth of the Pyrenees and Alps. However, evidence from Pakefield (Suffolk,UK) at 0.7 Myr indicated that humans occupied northernEuropean latitudes when a Mediterranean-type climate prevailed6. This provided the basis for an {\textquoteleft}ebb and flow{\textquoteright} model, where human populations were thought to survive in southern refugia duringcold stages, only expanding northwards during fully temperate climates 5. Here we present new evidence from Happisburgh (Norfolk,UK) demonstrating that Early Pleistocene hominins were present in northern Europe ~0.78Myr ago when they were able to survive atthe southern edge of the boreal zone. This has significant implications for our understanding of early human behaviour, adaptationand survival, as well as the tempo and mode of colonization after their first dispersal out of Africa.",
keywords = "Palaeontology , Earth sciences",
author = "Simon Parfitt and Nick Ashton and Simon Lewis and Richard Abel and Russell Coope and Mike Field and Rowena Gale and Peter Hoare and Larkin, {Nigel R.} and Lewis, {Mark D.} and Vassil Karloukovski and Barbara Maher and Peglar, {Sylvia M.} and Preece, {Richard C.} and Whittaker, {John E.} and Stringer, {Chris B.}",
year = "2010",
month = jul,
day = "8",
doi = "10.1038/nature09117",
language = "English",
volume = "466",
pages = "229--233",
journal = "Nature",
issn = "0028-0836",
publisher = "Nature Publishing Group",
number = "7303",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Early Pleistocene human occupation at the edge of the boreal zone in northwest Europe

AU - Parfitt, Simon

AU - Ashton, Nick

AU - Lewis, Simon

AU - Abel, Richard

AU - Coope, Russell

AU - Field, Mike

AU - Gale, Rowena

AU - Hoare, Peter

AU - Larkin, Nigel R.

AU - Lewis, Mark D.

AU - Karloukovski, Vassil

AU - Maher, Barbara

AU - Peglar, Sylvia M.

AU - Preece, Richard C.

AU - Whittaker, John E.

AU - Stringer, Chris B.

PY - 2010/7/8

Y1 - 2010/7/8

N2 - The dispersal of early humans from Africa by 1.75 Myr ago led to a marked expansion of their range, from the island of Flores in theeast to the Iberian peninsula in the west1–5. This range encompassed tropical forest, savannah and Mediterranean habitats, buthas hitherto not been demonstrated beyond 456 N. Until recently, early colonization in Europe was thought to be confined to the areasouth of the Pyrenees and Alps. However, evidence from Pakefield (Suffolk,UK) at 0.7 Myr indicated that humans occupied northernEuropean latitudes when a Mediterranean-type climate prevailed6. This provided the basis for an ‘ebb and flow’ model, where human populations were thought to survive in southern refugia duringcold stages, only expanding northwards during fully temperate climates 5. Here we present new evidence from Happisburgh (Norfolk,UK) demonstrating that Early Pleistocene hominins were present in northern Europe ~0.78Myr ago when they were able to survive atthe southern edge of the boreal zone. This has significant implications for our understanding of early human behaviour, adaptationand survival, as well as the tempo and mode of colonization after their first dispersal out of Africa.

AB - The dispersal of early humans from Africa by 1.75 Myr ago led to a marked expansion of their range, from the island of Flores in theeast to the Iberian peninsula in the west1–5. This range encompassed tropical forest, savannah and Mediterranean habitats, buthas hitherto not been demonstrated beyond 456 N. Until recently, early colonization in Europe was thought to be confined to the areasouth of the Pyrenees and Alps. However, evidence from Pakefield (Suffolk,UK) at 0.7 Myr indicated that humans occupied northernEuropean latitudes when a Mediterranean-type climate prevailed6. This provided the basis for an ‘ebb and flow’ model, where human populations were thought to survive in southern refugia duringcold stages, only expanding northwards during fully temperate climates 5. Here we present new evidence from Happisburgh (Norfolk,UK) demonstrating that Early Pleistocene hominins were present in northern Europe ~0.78Myr ago when they were able to survive atthe southern edge of the boreal zone. This has significant implications for our understanding of early human behaviour, adaptationand survival, as well as the tempo and mode of colonization after their first dispersal out of Africa.

KW - Palaeontology

KW - Earth sciences

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=77954510710&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/nature09117

DO - 10.1038/nature09117

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:77954510710

VL - 466

SP - 229

EP - 233

JO - Nature

JF - Nature

SN - 0028-0836

IS - 7303

ER -