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Earthworm genomes, genes and proteins: the (re)discovery of Darwin’s worms

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Earthworm genomes, genes and proteins : the (re)discovery of Darwin’s worms. / Sturzenbaum, Stephen R.; Andre, Jane; Kille, Peter; Morgan, A. John.

In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, Vol. 276, No. 1658, 07.03.2009, p. 789-797.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Sturzenbaum, SR, Andre, J, Kille, P & Morgan, AJ 2009, 'Earthworm genomes, genes and proteins: the (re)discovery of Darwin’s worms', Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 276, no. 1658, pp. 789-797. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2008.1510

APA

Sturzenbaum, S. R., Andre, J., Kille, P., & Morgan, A. J. (2009). Earthworm genomes, genes and proteins: the (re)discovery of Darwin’s worms. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 276(1658), 789-797. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2008.1510

Vancouver

Sturzenbaum SR, Andre J, Kille P, Morgan AJ. Earthworm genomes, genes and proteins: the (re)discovery of Darwin’s worms. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2009 Mar 7;276(1658):789-797. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2008.1510

Author

Sturzenbaum, Stephen R. ; Andre, Jane ; Kille, Peter ; Morgan, A. John. / Earthworm genomes, genes and proteins : the (re)discovery of Darwin’s worms. In: Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 2009 ; Vol. 276, No. 1658. pp. 789-797.

Bibtex

@article{d0fee2e8bd9d4b988964a89481762123,
title = "Earthworm genomes, genes and proteins: the (re)discovery of Darwin{\textquoteright}s worms",
abstract = "Small incremental biological change, winnowed by natural selection over geological time scales to produce large consequences, was Darwin's singular insight that revolutionized the life sciences. His publications after 1859, including the {\textquoteleft}earthworm book{\textquoteright}, were all written to amplify and support the evolutionary theory presented in the Origin. Darwin was unable to provide a physical basis for the inheritance of favoured traits because of the absence of genetic knowledge that much later led to the {\textquoteleft}modern synthesis{\textquoteright}. Mistaken though he was in advocating systemic {\textquoteleft}gemmules{\textquoteright} as agents of inheritance, Darwin was perceptive in seeking to underpin his core vision with concrete factors that both determine the nature of a trait in one generation and convey it to subsequent generations. This brief review evaluates the molecular genetic literature on earthworms published during the last decade, and casts light on the specific aspects of earthworm evolutionary biology that more or less engaged Darwin: (i) biogeography, (ii) species diversity, (iii) local adaptations and (iv) sensitivity. We predict that the current understanding will deepen with the announcement of a draft earthworm genome in Darwin's bicentenary year, 2009. Subsequently, the earthworm may be elevated from the status of a soil sentinel to that elusive entity, an ecologically relevant genetic model organism.",
keywords = "Darwin , earthworms , evolution, genotypes, biogeography , transcriptomics",
author = "Sturzenbaum, {Stephen R.} and Jane Andre and Peter Kille and Morgan, {A. John}",
note = "This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.",
year = "2009",
month = mar,
day = "7",
doi = "10.1098/rspb.2008.1510",
language = "English",
volume = "276",
pages = "789--797",
journal = "Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences",
issn = "0962-8452",
publisher = "Royal Society of Chemistry Publishing",
number = "1658",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Earthworm genomes, genes and proteins

T2 - the (re)discovery of Darwin’s worms

AU - Sturzenbaum, Stephen R.

AU - Andre, Jane

AU - Kille, Peter

AU - Morgan, A. John

N1 - This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

PY - 2009/3/7

Y1 - 2009/3/7

N2 - Small incremental biological change, winnowed by natural selection over geological time scales to produce large consequences, was Darwin's singular insight that revolutionized the life sciences. His publications after 1859, including the ‘earthworm book’, were all written to amplify and support the evolutionary theory presented in the Origin. Darwin was unable to provide a physical basis for the inheritance of favoured traits because of the absence of genetic knowledge that much later led to the ‘modern synthesis’. Mistaken though he was in advocating systemic ‘gemmules’ as agents of inheritance, Darwin was perceptive in seeking to underpin his core vision with concrete factors that both determine the nature of a trait in one generation and convey it to subsequent generations. This brief review evaluates the molecular genetic literature on earthworms published during the last decade, and casts light on the specific aspects of earthworm evolutionary biology that more or less engaged Darwin: (i) biogeography, (ii) species diversity, (iii) local adaptations and (iv) sensitivity. We predict that the current understanding will deepen with the announcement of a draft earthworm genome in Darwin's bicentenary year, 2009. Subsequently, the earthworm may be elevated from the status of a soil sentinel to that elusive entity, an ecologically relevant genetic model organism.

AB - Small incremental biological change, winnowed by natural selection over geological time scales to produce large consequences, was Darwin's singular insight that revolutionized the life sciences. His publications after 1859, including the ‘earthworm book’, were all written to amplify and support the evolutionary theory presented in the Origin. Darwin was unable to provide a physical basis for the inheritance of favoured traits because of the absence of genetic knowledge that much later led to the ‘modern synthesis’. Mistaken though he was in advocating systemic ‘gemmules’ as agents of inheritance, Darwin was perceptive in seeking to underpin his core vision with concrete factors that both determine the nature of a trait in one generation and convey it to subsequent generations. This brief review evaluates the molecular genetic literature on earthworms published during the last decade, and casts light on the specific aspects of earthworm evolutionary biology that more or less engaged Darwin: (i) biogeography, (ii) species diversity, (iii) local adaptations and (iv) sensitivity. We predict that the current understanding will deepen with the announcement of a draft earthworm genome in Darwin's bicentenary year, 2009. Subsequently, the earthworm may be elevated from the status of a soil sentinel to that elusive entity, an ecologically relevant genetic model organism.

KW - Darwin

KW - earthworms

KW - evolution

KW - genotypes

KW - biogeography

KW - transcriptomics

U2 - 10.1098/rspb.2008.1510

DO - 10.1098/rspb.2008.1510

M3 - Journal article

VL - 276

SP - 789

EP - 797

JO - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

JF - Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences

SN - 0962-8452

IS - 1658

ER -