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    Rights statement: Copyright by the Ecological Society of America. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hempson, T. N., Graham, N. A. J., MacNeil, M. A., Hoey, A. S. and Wilson, S. K. (2018), Ecosystem regime shifts disrupt trophic structure. Ecol Appl, 28: 191–200. doi:10.1002/eap.1639 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eap.1639/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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Ecosystem regime shifts disrupt trophic structure

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Ecosystem regime shifts disrupt trophic structure. / Hempson, Tessa N.; Graham, Nicholas Anthony James; MacNeil, M. Aaron et al.

In: Ecological Applications, Vol. 28, No. 1, 01.2018, p. 191-200.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Hempson, TN, Graham, NAJ, MacNeil, MA, Hoey, AS & Wilson, S 2018, 'Ecosystem regime shifts disrupt trophic structure', Ecological Applications, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 191-200. https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1639

APA

Hempson, T. N., Graham, N. A. J., MacNeil, M. A., Hoey, A. S., & Wilson, S. (2018). Ecosystem regime shifts disrupt trophic structure. Ecological Applications, 28(1), 191-200. https://doi.org/10.1002/eap.1639

Vancouver

Hempson TN, Graham NAJ, MacNeil MA, Hoey AS, Wilson S. Ecosystem regime shifts disrupt trophic structure. Ecological Applications. 2018 Jan;28(1):191-200. Epub 2017 Oct 16. doi: 10.1002/eap.1639

Author

Hempson, Tessa N. ; Graham, Nicholas Anthony James ; MacNeil, M. Aaron et al. / Ecosystem regime shifts disrupt trophic structure. In: Ecological Applications. 2018 ; Vol. 28, No. 1. pp. 191-200.

Bibtex

@article{6f65a61118cf400eae531091bdd1fcab,
title = "Ecosystem regime shifts disrupt trophic structure",
abstract = "Regime shifts between alternative stable ecosystem states are becoming commonplace due to the combined effects of local stressors and global climate change. Alternative states are characterised as substantially different in form and function to pre-disturbance states, disrupting the delivery of ecosystem services and functions. On coral reefs, regime shifts are typically characterised by a change in the benthic composition from coral- to macroalgal-dominance. Such fundamental shifts in the benthos are anticipated to impact associated fish communities that are reliant on the reef for food and shelter, yet there is limited understanding of how regime shifts propagate through the fish community over time, relative to initial or recovery conditions. This study addresses this knowledge gap using long-term data of coral reef regime shifts and recovery on Seychelles reefs following the 1998 mass bleaching event. It shows how trophic structure of the reef fish community becomes increasingly dissimilar between alternative reef ecosystem states (regime-shifted vs recovering) with time since disturbance. Regime-shifted reefs developed a concave trophic structure, with increased biomass in base trophic levels as herbivorous species benefitted from increased algal resources. Mid trophic level species, including specialists such as corallivores, declined with loss of coral habitat, while biomass was retained in upper trophic levels by large-bodied, generalist invertivores. Recovering reefs also experienced an initial decline in mid trophic level biomass, but moved towards a bottom-heavy pyramid shape, with a wide range of feeding groups (e.g. planktivores, corallivores, omnivores) represented at mid trophic levels. Given the importance of coral reef fishes in maintaining the ecological function of coral reef ecosystems and their associated fisheries, understanding the effects of regime shifts on these communities is essential to inform decisions that enhance ecological resilience and economic sustainability.",
author = "Hempson, {Tessa N.} and Graham, {Nicholas Anthony James} and MacNeil, {M. Aaron} and Hoey, {Andrew S.} and Shaun Wilson",
note = "Copyright by the Ecological Society of America. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hempson, T. N., Graham, N. A. J., MacNeil, M. A., Hoey, A. S. and Wilson, S. K. (2018), Ecosystem regime shifts disrupt trophic structure. Ecol Appl, 28: 191–200. doi:10.1002/eap.1639 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eap.1639/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.",
year = "2018",
month = jan,
doi = "10.1002/eap.1639",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "191--200",
journal = "Ecological Applications",
issn = "1051-0761",
publisher = "ECOLOGICAL SOC AMER",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ecosystem regime shifts disrupt trophic structure

AU - Hempson, Tessa N.

AU - Graham, Nicholas Anthony James

AU - MacNeil, M. Aaron

AU - Hoey, Andrew S.

AU - Wilson, Shaun

N1 - Copyright by the Ecological Society of America. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hempson, T. N., Graham, N. A. J., MacNeil, M. A., Hoey, A. S. and Wilson, S. K. (2018), Ecosystem regime shifts disrupt trophic structure. Ecol Appl, 28: 191–200. doi:10.1002/eap.1639 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/eap.1639/abstract This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

PY - 2018/1

Y1 - 2018/1

N2 - Regime shifts between alternative stable ecosystem states are becoming commonplace due to the combined effects of local stressors and global climate change. Alternative states are characterised as substantially different in form and function to pre-disturbance states, disrupting the delivery of ecosystem services and functions. On coral reefs, regime shifts are typically characterised by a change in the benthic composition from coral- to macroalgal-dominance. Such fundamental shifts in the benthos are anticipated to impact associated fish communities that are reliant on the reef for food and shelter, yet there is limited understanding of how regime shifts propagate through the fish community over time, relative to initial or recovery conditions. This study addresses this knowledge gap using long-term data of coral reef regime shifts and recovery on Seychelles reefs following the 1998 mass bleaching event. It shows how trophic structure of the reef fish community becomes increasingly dissimilar between alternative reef ecosystem states (regime-shifted vs recovering) with time since disturbance. Regime-shifted reefs developed a concave trophic structure, with increased biomass in base trophic levels as herbivorous species benefitted from increased algal resources. Mid trophic level species, including specialists such as corallivores, declined with loss of coral habitat, while biomass was retained in upper trophic levels by large-bodied, generalist invertivores. Recovering reefs also experienced an initial decline in mid trophic level biomass, but moved towards a bottom-heavy pyramid shape, with a wide range of feeding groups (e.g. planktivores, corallivores, omnivores) represented at mid trophic levels. Given the importance of coral reef fishes in maintaining the ecological function of coral reef ecosystems and their associated fisheries, understanding the effects of regime shifts on these communities is essential to inform decisions that enhance ecological resilience and economic sustainability.

AB - Regime shifts between alternative stable ecosystem states are becoming commonplace due to the combined effects of local stressors and global climate change. Alternative states are characterised as substantially different in form and function to pre-disturbance states, disrupting the delivery of ecosystem services and functions. On coral reefs, regime shifts are typically characterised by a change in the benthic composition from coral- to macroalgal-dominance. Such fundamental shifts in the benthos are anticipated to impact associated fish communities that are reliant on the reef for food and shelter, yet there is limited understanding of how regime shifts propagate through the fish community over time, relative to initial or recovery conditions. This study addresses this knowledge gap using long-term data of coral reef regime shifts and recovery on Seychelles reefs following the 1998 mass bleaching event. It shows how trophic structure of the reef fish community becomes increasingly dissimilar between alternative reef ecosystem states (regime-shifted vs recovering) with time since disturbance. Regime-shifted reefs developed a concave trophic structure, with increased biomass in base trophic levels as herbivorous species benefitted from increased algal resources. Mid trophic level species, including specialists such as corallivores, declined with loss of coral habitat, while biomass was retained in upper trophic levels by large-bodied, generalist invertivores. Recovering reefs also experienced an initial decline in mid trophic level biomass, but moved towards a bottom-heavy pyramid shape, with a wide range of feeding groups (e.g. planktivores, corallivores, omnivores) represented at mid trophic levels. Given the importance of coral reef fishes in maintaining the ecological function of coral reef ecosystems and their associated fisheries, understanding the effects of regime shifts on these communities is essential to inform decisions that enhance ecological resilience and economic sustainability.

U2 - 10.1002/eap.1639

DO - 10.1002/eap.1639

M3 - Journal article

VL - 28

SP - 191

EP - 200

JO - Ecological Applications

JF - Ecological Applications

SN - 1051-0761

IS - 1

ER -