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Eddy current measurement of the electrical conductivity and porosity of metal foams.

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Abstract

This paper presents results of characterising the properties of metallic foams, a relatively new class of material, using nondestructive eddy-current sensing techniques. The fundamentals of eddy current sensing, which is based on electromagnetic induction, are described and the effects on coil impedance of the sensors numerically analysed. It has been found that the phase-frequency response of the sensor is relatively immune to the distance and fill-factor variations, from which key results such as the equivalent conductivity and the porosity of the foams are presented. The paper demonstrates the broad applicability of this technique in characterising and further recognizing the properties of a variety of sample shapes used.