Home > Research > Publications & Outputs > Effect of alkaline fuel cell catalyst on deuter...

Electronic data

  • HE-D-20-03029_R2

    Rights statement: This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 46, 2, 6745-6750, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.11.140

    Accepted author manuscript, 3.27 MB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 10/12/21

    Available under license: CC BY-NC-ND: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License

Links

Text available via DOI:

View graph of relations

Effect of alkaline fuel cell catalyst on deuterium isotope separation

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Published
  • R. Tanii
  • R. Ogawa
  • H. Matsushima
  • M. Ueda
  • R. Dawson
Close
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>3/02/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>International Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Issue number9
Volume46
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)6745-6750
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date10/12/20
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Fuel cells (FC) have been developed for automobiles and stationary power units. In addition to a power generator function, we propose a new application of hydrogen isotope separation. In this paper, deuterium (D) separation is investigated by two types of AFCs with platinum (Pt) or ruthenium (Ru) anode catalysts. The characteristics of the AFCs are evaluated by pure protium (H) or deuterium gas separately. In the case of Pt catalyst, the cell current/voltage curves show similar results for both gases. But a remarkable decrease in the voltage value is observed probably due to the mass transportation (diffusion) limitation at Ru catalyst. The limitation effect was larger for D2 than H2 gas. The AC impedance measurements supports the slow reaction rate of D2 gas on Ru catalyst. The separation experiments are verified with hydrogen gas mixed with 1 at% D. The D is diluted in the unreacted gas discharged from AFC with Pt catalyst, but it is concentrated with Ru one. The inverse response may be attributed to the elementary process of the hydrogen oxidation reaction and the difference in the adsorption energy of gas and water molecules on the catalyst surface. © 2020 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC

Bibliographic note

This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 46, 2, 6745-6750, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2020.11.140