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  • 2021-32-2-355-362-eng (1)

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Effect of cartilage thickness mismatch in osteochondral grafting from knee to talus on articular contact pressures: A finite element analysis

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  • Ömer Faruk Kılıçaslan
  • Ali Levent
  • H Kursat Celik
  • Mehmet Ali Tokgöz
  • Özkan Köse
  • Allan Rennie
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<mark>Journal publication date</mark>11/06/2021
<mark>Journal</mark>Joint Diseases and Related Surgery
Issue number2
Volume32
Number of pages8
Pages (from-to)355-362
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cartilage thickness mismatch on tibiotalar articular contact pressure in osteochondral grafting from femoral condyles to medial talar dome using a finite element analysis (FEA).

Materials and methods: Flush-implanted osteochondral grafting was performed on the talar centromedial aspect of the dome using osteochondral plugs with two different cartilage thicknesses. One of the plugs had an equal cartilage thickness with the recipient talar cartilage and the second plug had a thicker cartilage representing a plug harvested from the knee. The ankle joint was loaded during a single-leg stance phase of gait. Tibiotalar contact pressure, frictional stress, equivalent stress (von Mises values), and deformation were analyzed.

Results: In both osteochondral grafting simulations, tibiotalar contact pressure, frictional stress, equivalent stress (von Mises values) on both tibial and talar cartilage surfaces were restored to near-normal values.

Conclusion: Cartilage thickness mismatch does not significantly change the tibiotalar contact biomechanics, when the graft is inserted flush with the talar cartilage surface.