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Effect of cyclodextrin and transformer oil amendments on the chemical extractability of aged [C-14]polychlorinated biphenyl and [C-14]polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon residues in soil.

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Effect of cyclodextrin and transformer oil amendments on the chemical extractability of aged [C-14]polychlorinated biphenyl and [C-14]polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon residues in soil. / Doick, Keiron J.; Burauel, Peter; Jones, Kevin C.; Semple, Kirk T.

In: Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Vol. 24, No. 9, 09.2005, p. 2138-2144.

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@article{1c44205e64bb475fbed9eddbf6994e0c,
title = "Effect of cyclodextrin and transformer oil amendments on the chemical extractability of aged [C-14]polychlorinated biphenyl and [C-14]polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon residues in soil.",
abstract = "Sequestration of hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs) in soils limits chemical and biological availability. Concerns exist regarding the long-term stability of sequestered contaminants in the environment, and stability needs to be demonstrated if bioavailability considerations are to be adopted into the risk assessment and remediation of contaminated land. The aim of the present study was to test the short-term influence of two organic amendments on the chemical extractability of HOC residues that had been present in soils for more than 12 years. The amendments investigated were cyclodextrin and transformer oil (a light, nonaqueous phase liquid [LNAPL]). The contaminants investigated were fluoranthene and benzo[a]pyrene in one soil and the polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) 28 and 52 in a second soil. The addition of cyclodextrin to the soils did not result in a significant increase in chemical extractability of the residues after a 36-d contact time. The addition of transformer oil resulted in an increase in chemical extractability of the PCBs after a 14-d soil-LNAPL contact time and a further increase after a 36-d contact time. The present study demonstrates that the chemical availability of aged HOCs in soil may be influenced by the presence of other chemicals and has implications for the long-term management of contaminated land.}",
keywords = "non-aqueous phase liquids, aging, contaminated land, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls",
author = "Doick, {Keiron J.} and Peter Burauel and Jones, {Kevin C.} and Semple, {Kirk T.}",
year = "2005",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1897/04-652R.1",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "2138--2144",
journal = "Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry",
issn = "0730-7268",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "9",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of cyclodextrin and transformer oil amendments on the chemical extractability of aged [C-14]polychlorinated biphenyl and [C-14]polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon residues in soil.

AU - Doick, Keiron J.

AU - Burauel, Peter

AU - Jones, Kevin C.

AU - Semple, Kirk T.

PY - 2005/9

Y1 - 2005/9

N2 - Sequestration of hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs) in soils limits chemical and biological availability. Concerns exist regarding the long-term stability of sequestered contaminants in the environment, and stability needs to be demonstrated if bioavailability considerations are to be adopted into the risk assessment and remediation of contaminated land. The aim of the present study was to test the short-term influence of two organic amendments on the chemical extractability of HOC residues that had been present in soils for more than 12 years. The amendments investigated were cyclodextrin and transformer oil (a light, nonaqueous phase liquid [LNAPL]). The contaminants investigated were fluoranthene and benzo[a]pyrene in one soil and the polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) 28 and 52 in a second soil. The addition of cyclodextrin to the soils did not result in a significant increase in chemical extractability of the residues after a 36-d contact time. The addition of transformer oil resulted in an increase in chemical extractability of the PCBs after a 14-d soil-LNAPL contact time and a further increase after a 36-d contact time. The present study demonstrates that the chemical availability of aged HOCs in soil may be influenced by the presence of other chemicals and has implications for the long-term management of contaminated land.}

AB - Sequestration of hydrophobic organic contaminants (HOCs) in soils limits chemical and biological availability. Concerns exist regarding the long-term stability of sequestered contaminants in the environment, and stability needs to be demonstrated if bioavailability considerations are to be adopted into the risk assessment and remediation of contaminated land. The aim of the present study was to test the short-term influence of two organic amendments on the chemical extractability of HOC residues that had been present in soils for more than 12 years. The amendments investigated were cyclodextrin and transformer oil (a light, nonaqueous phase liquid [LNAPL]). The contaminants investigated were fluoranthene and benzo[a]pyrene in one soil and the polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) 28 and 52 in a second soil. The addition of cyclodextrin to the soils did not result in a significant increase in chemical extractability of the residues after a 36-d contact time. The addition of transformer oil resulted in an increase in chemical extractability of the PCBs after a 14-d soil-LNAPL contact time and a further increase after a 36-d contact time. The present study demonstrates that the chemical availability of aged HOCs in soil may be influenced by the presence of other chemicals and has implications for the long-term management of contaminated land.}

KW - non-aqueous phase liquids

KW - aging

KW - contaminated land

KW - polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

KW - polychlorinated biphenyls

U2 - 10.1897/04-652R.1

DO - 10.1897/04-652R.1

M3 - Journal article

VL - 24

SP - 2138

EP - 2144

JO - Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

JF - Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry

SN - 0730-7268

IS - 9

ER -