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Effect of melting modes on microstructure and tribological properties of selective laser melted AlSi10Mg alloy

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

  • H. Wu
  • Y. Ren
  • J. Ren
  • A. Cai
  • M. Song
  • Y. Liu
  • X. Wu
  • Q. Li
  • W. Huang
  • X. Wang
  • I. Baker
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>8/12/2020
<mark>Journal</mark>Virtual and Physical Prototyping
Issue numbersup1
Number of pages13
Pages (from-to)570-582
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date28/09/20
<mark>Original language</mark>English


This paper focuses on the effect of melting modes on microstructural evolution and tribological properties of AlSi10Mg alloy fabricated by selective laser melting (SLM). The results showed that the microstructures of SLM AlSi10Mg consisted of primary α-Al surrounded by cellular Si networks (∼500 nm) when fabricated in conduction mode, but has a finer cellular-like Si phase (∼200 nm) when fabricated in keyhole mode. The strong convection caused by the melt reflow and Marangoni convection under keyhole mode also resulted in deposition of nano-scale Si particles at the bottom of the molten pool. The SLM AlSi10Mg fabricated in keyhole mode exhibited better wear resistance than that fabricated in conduction mode. Compared to traditional as-cast specimens, both SLM specimens showed better wear resistance due to the unique cellular-like networks. The SLM technique offers a new approach for material processing that can be used to refine microstructures for improved tribological properties. © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.