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Effects of experimental fires on litter decomposition in a seasonally dry Amazonian forest.

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Effects of experimental fires on litter decomposition in a seasonally dry Amazonian forest. / Silveira, Juliana M.; Barlow, Jos; Krusche, Alex V.; Orwin, Kate H.; Balch, Jennifer K.; Moutinho, Paulo.

In: Journal of Tropical Ecology, Vol. 25, No. 6, 11.2009, p. 657-663.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Silveira, JM, Barlow, J, Krusche, AV, Orwin, KH, Balch, JK & Moutinho, P 2009, 'Effects of experimental fires on litter decomposition in a seasonally dry Amazonian forest.', Journal of Tropical Ecology, vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 657-663. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266467409990150

APA

Silveira, J. M., Barlow, J., Krusche, A. V., Orwin, K. H., Balch, J. K., & Moutinho, P. (2009). Effects of experimental fires on litter decomposition in a seasonally dry Amazonian forest. Journal of Tropical Ecology, 25(6), 657-663. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0266467409990150

Vancouver

Author

Silveira, Juliana M. ; Barlow, Jos ; Krusche, Alex V. ; Orwin, Kate H. ; Balch, Jennifer K. ; Moutinho, Paulo. / Effects of experimental fires on litter decomposition in a seasonally dry Amazonian forest. In: Journal of Tropical Ecology. 2009 ; Vol. 25, No. 6. pp. 657-663.

Bibtex

@article{0a19e1fb20684ee79cd8889155983463,
title = "Effects of experimental fires on litter decomposition in a seasonally dry Amazonian forest.",
abstract = "Litter decomposition is a fundamental process for nutrient cycling but we have a limited understanding of this process in disturbed tropical forests. We studied litter decomposition over a 10-mo period in a seasonally dry Amazon forest in Mato Grosso, Brazil. The study plots (50 ha each) included unburned forest (UF), once-burned (BF1) and forest burned annually for 3 y (BF3). We measured understorey density, litter depth, canopy openness, temperature and relative humidity in the plots. Decomposition experiments took place using 720 litterbags filled with approximately 10 g of natural abscised oven-dried leaves. To test the effects of fire on soil meso- and macrofauna, the litterbags had either a fine (2 mm) or coarse (with 1-cm holes in side) mesh size. Litterbags were collected and reweighed 2, 4, 6 and 8 mo after being placed on the forest floor. All forest structure variables were significantly different across plots: BF3 was hotter, less humid, had the highest degree of canopy openness, lowest understorey density and the shallowest litter depth. Litter decomposition (mass loss) was similar in the once-burned and unburned plots, but declined more slowly in BF3. In addition, decomposition was slower in fine-mesh litterbags than coarse-mesh litterbags in BF3, but there was no difference between mesh sizes in BF1 and UF. It is likely that changes in forest structure and microclimate explain the lower decomposition rates in BF3. These results show the importance of recurrent fires, but suggest that single understorey fires may not have long-term negative effects on some ecological processes in seasonally dry Amazonian forests.",
keywords = "Amazon, arthropods, Brazil, decomposition, fire, organic matter",
author = "Silveira, {Juliana M.} and Jos Barlow and Krusche, {Alex V.} and Orwin, {Kate H.} and Balch, {Jennifer K.} and Paulo Moutinho",
note = "http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=TRO The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Journal of Tropical Ecology, 25 (6), pp 657-663 2009, {\textcopyright} 2009 Cambridge University Press.",
year = "2009",
month = nov,
doi = "10.1017/S0266467409990150",
language = "English",
volume = "25",
pages = "657--663",
journal = "Journal of Tropical Ecology",
issn = "0266-4674",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "6",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of experimental fires on litter decomposition in a seasonally dry Amazonian forest.

AU - Silveira, Juliana M.

AU - Barlow, Jos

AU - Krusche, Alex V.

AU - Orwin, Kate H.

AU - Balch, Jennifer K.

AU - Moutinho, Paulo

N1 - http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=TRO The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Journal of Tropical Ecology, 25 (6), pp 657-663 2009, © 2009 Cambridge University Press.

PY - 2009/11

Y1 - 2009/11

N2 - Litter decomposition is a fundamental process for nutrient cycling but we have a limited understanding of this process in disturbed tropical forests. We studied litter decomposition over a 10-mo period in a seasonally dry Amazon forest in Mato Grosso, Brazil. The study plots (50 ha each) included unburned forest (UF), once-burned (BF1) and forest burned annually for 3 y (BF3). We measured understorey density, litter depth, canopy openness, temperature and relative humidity in the plots. Decomposition experiments took place using 720 litterbags filled with approximately 10 g of natural abscised oven-dried leaves. To test the effects of fire on soil meso- and macrofauna, the litterbags had either a fine (2 mm) or coarse (with 1-cm holes in side) mesh size. Litterbags were collected and reweighed 2, 4, 6 and 8 mo after being placed on the forest floor. All forest structure variables were significantly different across plots: BF3 was hotter, less humid, had the highest degree of canopy openness, lowest understorey density and the shallowest litter depth. Litter decomposition (mass loss) was similar in the once-burned and unburned plots, but declined more slowly in BF3. In addition, decomposition was slower in fine-mesh litterbags than coarse-mesh litterbags in BF3, but there was no difference between mesh sizes in BF1 and UF. It is likely that changes in forest structure and microclimate explain the lower decomposition rates in BF3. These results show the importance of recurrent fires, but suggest that single understorey fires may not have long-term negative effects on some ecological processes in seasonally dry Amazonian forests.

AB - Litter decomposition is a fundamental process for nutrient cycling but we have a limited understanding of this process in disturbed tropical forests. We studied litter decomposition over a 10-mo period in a seasonally dry Amazon forest in Mato Grosso, Brazil. The study plots (50 ha each) included unburned forest (UF), once-burned (BF1) and forest burned annually for 3 y (BF3). We measured understorey density, litter depth, canopy openness, temperature and relative humidity in the plots. Decomposition experiments took place using 720 litterbags filled with approximately 10 g of natural abscised oven-dried leaves. To test the effects of fire on soil meso- and macrofauna, the litterbags had either a fine (2 mm) or coarse (with 1-cm holes in side) mesh size. Litterbags were collected and reweighed 2, 4, 6 and 8 mo after being placed on the forest floor. All forest structure variables were significantly different across plots: BF3 was hotter, less humid, had the highest degree of canopy openness, lowest understorey density and the shallowest litter depth. Litter decomposition (mass loss) was similar in the once-burned and unburned plots, but declined more slowly in BF3. In addition, decomposition was slower in fine-mesh litterbags than coarse-mesh litterbags in BF3, but there was no difference between mesh sizes in BF1 and UF. It is likely that changes in forest structure and microclimate explain the lower decomposition rates in BF3. These results show the importance of recurrent fires, but suggest that single understorey fires may not have long-term negative effects on some ecological processes in seasonally dry Amazonian forests.

KW - Amazon

KW - arthropods

KW - Brazil

KW - decomposition

KW - fire

KW - organic matter

U2 - 10.1017/S0266467409990150

DO - 10.1017/S0266467409990150

M3 - Journal article

VL - 25

SP - 657

EP - 663

JO - Journal of Tropical Ecology

JF - Journal of Tropical Ecology

SN - 0266-4674

IS - 6

ER -