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Effects of incorporation of hydroxyapatite and fluoroapatite nanobioceramics into conventional glass ionomer cements (GIC)

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  • A. Moshaverinia
  • S. Ansari
  • M. Moshaverinia
  • N. Roohpour
  • J.A. Darr
  • I. Rehman
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2008
<mark>Journal</mark>Acta Biomaterialia
Issue number2
Number of pages9
Pages (from-to)432-440
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Hydroxyapatite (HA) has excellent biological behavior, and its composition and crystal structure are similar to the apatite in the human dental structure and skeletal system; a number of researchers have attempted to evaluate the effect of the addition of HA powders to restorative dental materials. In this study, nanohydroxy and fluoroapatite were synthesized using an ethanol based sol-gel technique. The synthesized nanoceramic particles were incorporated into commercial glass ionomer powder (Fuji II GC) and were characterized using Fourier transform infrared and Raman spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy. Compressive, diametral tensile and biaxial flexural strengths of the modified glass ionomer cements were evaluated. The effect of nanohydroxyapatite and fluoroapatite on the bond strength of glass ionomer cement to dentin was also investigated. Results showed that after 1 and 7 days of setting, the nanohydroxyapatite/fluoroapatite added cements exhibited higher compressive strength (177-179 MPa), higher diametral tensile strength (19-20 MPa) and higher biaxial flexural strength (26-28 MPa) as compared with the control group (160 MPa in CS, 14 MPa in DTS and 18 MPa in biaxial flexural strength). The experimental cements also exhibited higher bond strength to dentin after 7 and 30 days of storage in distilled water. It was concluded that glass ionomer cements containing nanobioceramics are promising restorative dental materials with both improved mechanical properties and improved bond strength to dentin. © 2007 Acta Materialia Inc.