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Effects of radio-frequency fields on bacterial cell membranes and nematode temperature-sensitive mutants

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Effects of radio-frequency fields on bacterial cell membranes and nematode temperature-sensitive mutants. / Gul Guven, Reyhan; Guven, Kemal; Dawe, Adam; Worthington, John; Harvell, Christopher; Popple, Amy; Smith, Tim; Smith, Brette; de Pomerai, David I.

In: Enzyme and Microbial Technology, Vol. 39, No. 4, 02.08.2006, p. 788-795.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Gul Guven, R, Guven, K, Dawe, A, Worthington, J, Harvell, C, Popple, A, Smith, T, Smith, B & de Pomerai, DI 2006, 'Effects of radio-frequency fields on bacterial cell membranes and nematode temperature-sensitive mutants', Enzyme and Microbial Technology, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 788-795. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.12.017

APA

Gul Guven, R., Guven, K., Dawe, A., Worthington, J., Harvell, C., Popple, A., Smith, T., Smith, B., & de Pomerai, D. I. (2006). Effects of radio-frequency fields on bacterial cell membranes and nematode temperature-sensitive mutants. Enzyme and Microbial Technology, 39(4), 788-795. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.12.017

Vancouver

Gul Guven R, Guven K, Dawe A, Worthington J, Harvell C, Popple A et al. Effects of radio-frequency fields on bacterial cell membranes and nematode temperature-sensitive mutants. Enzyme and Microbial Technology. 2006 Aug 2;39(4):788-795. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.12.017

Author

Gul Guven, Reyhan ; Guven, Kemal ; Dawe, Adam ; Worthington, John ; Harvell, Christopher ; Popple, Amy ; Smith, Tim ; Smith, Brette ; de Pomerai, David I. / Effects of radio-frequency fields on bacterial cell membranes and nematode temperature-sensitive mutants. In: Enzyme and Microbial Technology. 2006 ; Vol. 39, No. 4. pp. 788-795.

Bibtex

@article{2ae334d6fff54399b30f861fa77e5cfa,
title = "Effects of radio-frequency fields on bacterial cell membranes and nematode temperature-sensitive mutants",
abstract = "Membrane-related bioeffects have been reported in response to both radio-frequency (RF) and extremely low-frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs), particularly in neural cells. We have tested whether RF fields might cause inner membrane leakage in ML35 E. coli cells, which express β-galactosidase (lacZ) constitutively, but lack the lacYpermease required for substrate entry. The activity of lacZ (indicating substrate leakage through the inner cell membrane) was increased only slightly by RF exposure (1 GHz, 0.5 W) over 45 min. Since lacZ activity showed no further increase with a longer exposure time of 90 min, this suggests that membrane permeability per se is not significantly affected by RF fields, and that slight heating (≤0.2 °C) could account for this small difference. Temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants of the nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans, are wild-type at 15 °C but develop the mutant phenotype at 25 °C; an intermediate temperature of 21 °C results in a reproducible mixture of both phenotypes. For two ts mutants affecting transmembrane receptors (TRA-2 and GLP-1), RF exposure for 24 h during the thermocritical phase strongly shifts the phenotype mix at 21 °C towards the mutant end of the spectrum. For ts mutants affecting nuclear proteins, such phenotype shifts appear smaller (PHA-1) or non-significant (LIN-39), apparently confirming suggestions that RF power is dissipated mainly in the plasma membrane of cells. However, these phenotype shifts are no longer seen when microwave treatment is applied at 21 °C in a modified exposure apparatus that minimises the temperature difference between sham and exposed conditions. Like other biological effects attributed to microwaves in the C. elegans system, phenotype shifts in ts mutants appear to be an artefact caused by very slight heating.",
keywords = "microwaves, electromagnetic fields, bacterial inner membrane, Caenorhabditis elegans, temperature-sensitive mutants, E-MU-PIM1 TRANSGENIC MICE, HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS, CAENORHABDITIS-ELEGANS, C-ELEGANS, ELECTROMAGNETIC-FIELDS, STRESS, MICROWAVES, EXPOSURE",
author = "{Gul Guven}, Reyhan and Kemal Guven and Adam Dawe and John Worthington and Christopher Harvell and Amy Popple and Tim Smith and Brette Smith and {de Pomerai}, {David I.}",
year = "2006",
month = aug,
day = "2",
doi = "10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.12.017",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
pages = "788--795",
journal = "Enzyme and Microbial Technology",
issn = "0141-0229",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of radio-frequency fields on bacterial cell membranes and nematode temperature-sensitive mutants

AU - Gul Guven, Reyhan

AU - Guven, Kemal

AU - Dawe, Adam

AU - Worthington, John

AU - Harvell, Christopher

AU - Popple, Amy

AU - Smith, Tim

AU - Smith, Brette

AU - de Pomerai, David I.

PY - 2006/8/2

Y1 - 2006/8/2

N2 - Membrane-related bioeffects have been reported in response to both radio-frequency (RF) and extremely low-frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs), particularly in neural cells. We have tested whether RF fields might cause inner membrane leakage in ML35 E. coli cells, which express β-galactosidase (lacZ) constitutively, but lack the lacYpermease required for substrate entry. The activity of lacZ (indicating substrate leakage through the inner cell membrane) was increased only slightly by RF exposure (1 GHz, 0.5 W) over 45 min. Since lacZ activity showed no further increase with a longer exposure time of 90 min, this suggests that membrane permeability per se is not significantly affected by RF fields, and that slight heating (≤0.2 °C) could account for this small difference. Temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants of the nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans, are wild-type at 15 °C but develop the mutant phenotype at 25 °C; an intermediate temperature of 21 °C results in a reproducible mixture of both phenotypes. For two ts mutants affecting transmembrane receptors (TRA-2 and GLP-1), RF exposure for 24 h during the thermocritical phase strongly shifts the phenotype mix at 21 °C towards the mutant end of the spectrum. For ts mutants affecting nuclear proteins, such phenotype shifts appear smaller (PHA-1) or non-significant (LIN-39), apparently confirming suggestions that RF power is dissipated mainly in the plasma membrane of cells. However, these phenotype shifts are no longer seen when microwave treatment is applied at 21 °C in a modified exposure apparatus that minimises the temperature difference between sham and exposed conditions. Like other biological effects attributed to microwaves in the C. elegans system, phenotype shifts in ts mutants appear to be an artefact caused by very slight heating.

AB - Membrane-related bioeffects have been reported in response to both radio-frequency (RF) and extremely low-frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs), particularly in neural cells. We have tested whether RF fields might cause inner membrane leakage in ML35 E. coli cells, which express β-galactosidase (lacZ) constitutively, but lack the lacYpermease required for substrate entry. The activity of lacZ (indicating substrate leakage through the inner cell membrane) was increased only slightly by RF exposure (1 GHz, 0.5 W) over 45 min. Since lacZ activity showed no further increase with a longer exposure time of 90 min, this suggests that membrane permeability per se is not significantly affected by RF fields, and that slight heating (≤0.2 °C) could account for this small difference. Temperature-sensitive (ts) mutants of the nematode, Caenorhabditis elegans, are wild-type at 15 °C but develop the mutant phenotype at 25 °C; an intermediate temperature of 21 °C results in a reproducible mixture of both phenotypes. For two ts mutants affecting transmembrane receptors (TRA-2 and GLP-1), RF exposure for 24 h during the thermocritical phase strongly shifts the phenotype mix at 21 °C towards the mutant end of the spectrum. For ts mutants affecting nuclear proteins, such phenotype shifts appear smaller (PHA-1) or non-significant (LIN-39), apparently confirming suggestions that RF power is dissipated mainly in the plasma membrane of cells. However, these phenotype shifts are no longer seen when microwave treatment is applied at 21 °C in a modified exposure apparatus that minimises the temperature difference between sham and exposed conditions. Like other biological effects attributed to microwaves in the C. elegans system, phenotype shifts in ts mutants appear to be an artefact caused by very slight heating.

KW - microwaves

KW - electromagnetic fields

KW - bacterial inner membrane

KW - Caenorhabditis elegans

KW - temperature-sensitive mutants

KW - E-MU-PIM1 TRANSGENIC MICE

KW - HEAT-SHOCK PROTEINS

KW - CAENORHABDITIS-ELEGANS

KW - C-ELEGANS

KW - ELECTROMAGNETIC-FIELDS

KW - STRESS

KW - MICROWAVES

KW - EXPOSURE

U2 - 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.12.017

DO - 10.1016/j.enzmictec.2005.12.017

M3 - Journal article

VL - 39

SP - 788

EP - 795

JO - Enzyme and Microbial Technology

JF - Enzyme and Microbial Technology

SN - 0141-0229

IS - 4

ER -