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Efficacy of D0870 compared with those of itraconazole and amphotericin-b in 2 murine models of invasive aspergillosis.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  • D. W. Denning
  • L. Hall
  • M. Jackson
  • S. Hollis
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>08/1995
<mark>Journal</mark>Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Issue number8
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)1809-1814
Publication StatusPublished
<mark>Original language</mark>English


D0870 is a novel azole antifungal compound. It was compared with conventional amphotericin B and itraconazole therapy in two murine models of invasive aspergillosis, one a systemic nonimmunocompromised mouse model and the other a temporarily neutropenic mouse respiratory model. D0870 was given orally and achieved measurable concentrations in serum approximately proportional to the daily dose with accumulation over time if it was given twice daily. Amphotericin B at 3.3 mg/kg of body weight was given intraperitoneally for four to six doses, and itraconazole was given orally in a cyclodextrin suspension at 5 to 50 mg/kg daily or twice daily (BID). The duration of therapy varied from 7 to 14 days. In the nonimmunocompromised mouse model, D0870 at 25 mg/kg BID was slightly inferior to amphotericin B and itraconazole with regard to mortality, with a median survival of 20 days for the three groups (P = 0.03 compared with amphotericin B). However, D0870 at 25 mg/kg BID was inferior to amphotericin B (but not itraconazole) with respect to renal culture (P = 0.01) and brain culture (P = 0.0001) results. Only amphotericin B was statistically superior to controls with regard to mortality. In the neutropenic mouse respiratory model, D0870 at 50 mg/kg/day was superior to amphotericin B, itraconazole, and controls with regard to mortality. D0870 at both 25 and 50 mg/kg/day was statistically superior to controls with regard to lung culture results (P = 0.004 to 0.04). A second experiment with a higher inoculum showed that no drug regimen was effective in that model. In all models low doses and concentrations of D0870 in serum were ineffective