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Electrospun Antibacterial Composites for Cartilage Tissue Engineering

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E-pub ahead of print
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Article number2200219
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>22/07/2022
<mark>Journal</mark>Macromolecular Bioscience
Publication StatusE-pub ahead of print
Early online date22/07/22
<mark>Original language</mark>English

Abstract

Implantation of biomaterials capable of the controlled release of antibacterials during articular cartilage repair may prevent postoperative infections. Herein, biomaterials are prepared with biomimetic architectures (nonwoven mats of fibers) via electrospinning that are composed of poly(ɛ-caprolactone), poly(lactic acid), and Bombyx mori silk fibroin (with varying ratios) and, optionally, an antibiotic drug (cefixime trihydrate). The composition, morphology, and mechanical properties of the nanofibrous mats are characterized using scanning electron microscope, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and tensile testing. The nonwoven mats have nanoscale fibers (typical diameters of 324–725 nm) and are capable of controlling the release profiles of the drug, with antibacterial activity against Gram +ve and Gram −ve bacteria (two common strains of human pathogenic bacteria, Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli) under in vitro static conditions. The drug loaded nanofiber mats display cytocompatibility comparable to pure poly(ɛ-caprolactone) nanofibers when cultured with National Institutes of Health (NIH) NIH-3T3 fibroblast cell line and have long-term potential for clinical applications in the field of pharmaceutical sciences.