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Enhancing surface finish of additively manufactured titanium and cobalt chrome elements using laser based finishing

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

  • Wojciech S. Gora
  • Yingtao Tian
  • Aldara Pan Cabo
  • Marcus Ardron
  • Robert R. J. Maier
  • Philip Prangnell
  • Nicholas J. Weston
  • Duncan P. Hand
<mark>Journal publication date</mark>2016
<mark>Journal</mark>Physics Procedia
Number of pages6
Pages (from-to)258-263
Publication StatusPublished
Early online date16/09/16
<mark>Original language</mark>English


Additive manufacturing (AM) offers the possibility of creating a complex free form object as a single element, which is not possible using traditional mechanical machining. Unfortunately the typically rough surface finish of additively manufactured parts is unsuitable for many applications. As a result AM parts must be post-processed; typically mechanically machined and/or and polished using either chemical or mechanical techniques (both of which have their limitations). Laser based polishing is based on remelting of a very thin surface layer and it offers potential as a highly repeatable, higher speed process capable of selective area polishing, and without any waste problems (no abrasives or liquids).

In this paper an in-depth investigation of CW laser polishing of titanium and cobalt chrome AM elements is presented. The impact of different scanning strategies, laser parameters and initial surface condition on the achieved surface finish is evaluated.