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Enrolment and retention of people who inject drugs in the Needle & Syringe Exchange Programme in Malaysia

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Enrolment and retention of people who inject drugs in the Needle & Syringe Exchange Programme in Malaysia. / Chandrasekaran, S.; Kyaw, N.T.T.; Harries, Anthony; Yee, I.A; Ellan, P.; Kurusamy, T.; Yusoff, N.; Mburu, Gitau; Mohammad, W.M.Z.W. ; Suleiman, A.

In: Public Health Action, Vol. 7, No. 2, 21.06.2017, p. 155-160.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Chandrasekaran, S, Kyaw, NTT, Harries, A, Yee, IA, Ellan, P, Kurusamy, T, Yusoff, N, Mburu, G, Mohammad, WMZW & Suleiman, A 2017, 'Enrolment and retention of people who inject drugs in the Needle & Syringe Exchange Programme in Malaysia', Public Health Action, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 155-160. https://doi.org/10.5588/pha.17.0003

APA

Chandrasekaran, S., Kyaw, N. T. T., Harries, A., Yee, I. A., Ellan, P., Kurusamy, T., Yusoff, N., Mburu, G., Mohammad, W. M. Z. W., & Suleiman, A. (2017). Enrolment and retention of people who inject drugs in the Needle & Syringe Exchange Programme in Malaysia. Public Health Action, 7(2), 155-160. https://doi.org/10.5588/pha.17.0003

Vancouver

Chandrasekaran S, Kyaw NTT, Harries A, Yee IA, Ellan P, Kurusamy T et al. Enrolment and retention of people who inject drugs in the Needle & Syringe Exchange Programme in Malaysia. Public Health Action. 2017 Jun 21;7(2):155-160. https://doi.org/10.5588/pha.17.0003

Author

Chandrasekaran, S. ; Kyaw, N.T.T. ; Harries, Anthony ; Yee, I.A ; Ellan, P. ; Kurusamy, T. ; Yusoff, N. ; Mburu, Gitau ; Mohammad, W.M.Z.W. ; Suleiman, A. / Enrolment and retention of people who inject drugs in the Needle & Syringe Exchange Programme in Malaysia. In: Public Health Action. 2017 ; Vol. 7, No. 2. pp. 155-160.

Bibtex

@article{b8790398759a46a5b259c4e1d0962655,
title = "Enrolment and retention of people who inject drugs in the Needle & Syringe Exchange Programme in Malaysia",
abstract = "Setting: Needle and Syringe Exchange Programme (NSEP) implemented by non-governmental organisations in Malaysia.Objectives: To determine enrolment, characteristics and retention in the NSEP of people who inject drugs (PWID) between 2013 and 2015.Design: Retrospective cohort study.Results: There were 20 946 PWID, with a mean age of 38 years. The majority were male (98%) and of Malay ethnicity (92%). Follow-up data were available for 20 761 PWID. Annual retention of newly enrolled PWID for each year was respectively 85%, 87% and 78% for 2013, 2014 and 2015, although annual enrolment over these years declined from 10 724 to 6288 to 3749. Total person-years (py) of follow-up were 27 806, with loss to follow-up of 40 per 100 py. Cumulative probability of retention in NSEP was 66% at 12 months, 45% at 24 months and 26% at 36 months. Significantly higher loss to follow-up rates were observed in those aged 15–24 years or 50 years, females, transgender people and non-Malay ethnic groups.Conclusion: Annual retention of new PWID on NSEP was impressive, although enrolment declined over the 3 years of the study and cumulative loss to follow-up was high. A better understanding of these programmatic outcomes is required.",
keywords = "injecting drug users, Retention, Malaysia, harm reduction, attrition ",
author = "S. Chandrasekaran and N.T.T. Kyaw and Anthony Harries and I.A Yee and P. Ellan and T. Kurusamy and N. Yusoff and Gitau Mburu and W.M.Z.W. Mohammad and A. Suleiman",
year = "2017",
month = jun,
day = "21",
doi = "10.5588/pha.17.0003",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "155--160",
journal = "Public Health Action",
issn = "2220-8372",
publisher = "International Union Against Tuberculosis and Lung Disease ",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Enrolment and retention of people who inject drugs in the Needle & Syringe Exchange Programme in Malaysia

AU - Chandrasekaran, S.

AU - Kyaw, N.T.T.

AU - Harries, Anthony

AU - Yee, I.A

AU - Ellan, P.

AU - Kurusamy, T.

AU - Yusoff, N.

AU - Mburu, Gitau

AU - Mohammad, W.M.Z.W.

AU - Suleiman, A.

PY - 2017/6/21

Y1 - 2017/6/21

N2 - Setting: Needle and Syringe Exchange Programme (NSEP) implemented by non-governmental organisations in Malaysia.Objectives: To determine enrolment, characteristics and retention in the NSEP of people who inject drugs (PWID) between 2013 and 2015.Design: Retrospective cohort study.Results: There were 20 946 PWID, with a mean age of 38 years. The majority were male (98%) and of Malay ethnicity (92%). Follow-up data were available for 20 761 PWID. Annual retention of newly enrolled PWID for each year was respectively 85%, 87% and 78% for 2013, 2014 and 2015, although annual enrolment over these years declined from 10 724 to 6288 to 3749. Total person-years (py) of follow-up were 27 806, with loss to follow-up of 40 per 100 py. Cumulative probability of retention in NSEP was 66% at 12 months, 45% at 24 months and 26% at 36 months. Significantly higher loss to follow-up rates were observed in those aged 15–24 years or 50 years, females, transgender people and non-Malay ethnic groups.Conclusion: Annual retention of new PWID on NSEP was impressive, although enrolment declined over the 3 years of the study and cumulative loss to follow-up was high. A better understanding of these programmatic outcomes is required.

AB - Setting: Needle and Syringe Exchange Programme (NSEP) implemented by non-governmental organisations in Malaysia.Objectives: To determine enrolment, characteristics and retention in the NSEP of people who inject drugs (PWID) between 2013 and 2015.Design: Retrospective cohort study.Results: There were 20 946 PWID, with a mean age of 38 years. The majority were male (98%) and of Malay ethnicity (92%). Follow-up data were available for 20 761 PWID. Annual retention of newly enrolled PWID for each year was respectively 85%, 87% and 78% for 2013, 2014 and 2015, although annual enrolment over these years declined from 10 724 to 6288 to 3749. Total person-years (py) of follow-up were 27 806, with loss to follow-up of 40 per 100 py. Cumulative probability of retention in NSEP was 66% at 12 months, 45% at 24 months and 26% at 36 months. Significantly higher loss to follow-up rates were observed in those aged 15–24 years or 50 years, females, transgender people and non-Malay ethnic groups.Conclusion: Annual retention of new PWID on NSEP was impressive, although enrolment declined over the 3 years of the study and cumulative loss to follow-up was high. A better understanding of these programmatic outcomes is required.

KW - injecting drug users

KW - Retention

KW - Malaysia

KW - harm reduction

KW - attrition

U2 - 10.5588/pha.17.0003

DO - 10.5588/pha.17.0003

M3 - Journal article

VL - 7

SP - 155

EP - 160

JO - Public Health Action

JF - Public Health Action

SN - 2220-8372

IS - 2

ER -