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    Rights statement: http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=IPA The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 47 (1), pp 17-35 2017, © 2017 International Phonetic Association.

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Ethnicity and phonetic variation in Sheffield English liquids

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Ethnicity and phonetic variation in Sheffield English liquids. / Kirkham, Sam.

In: Journal of the International Phonetic Association, Vol. 47, No. 1, 04.2017, p. 17-35.

Research output: Contribution to Journal/MagazineJournal articlepeer-review

Harvard

Kirkham, S 2017, 'Ethnicity and phonetic variation in Sheffield English liquids', Journal of the International Phonetic Association, vol. 47, no. 1, pp. 17-35. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025100316000268

APA

Kirkham, S. (2017). Ethnicity and phonetic variation in Sheffield English liquids. Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 47(1), 17-35. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025100316000268

Vancouver

Kirkham S. Ethnicity and phonetic variation in Sheffield English liquids. Journal of the International Phonetic Association. 2017 Apr;47(1):17-35. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0025100316000268

Author

Kirkham, Sam. / Ethnicity and phonetic variation in Sheffield English liquids. In: Journal of the International Phonetic Association. 2017 ; Vol. 47, No. 1. pp. 17-35.

Bibtex

@article{71d9a288fc47413887e607e9b9657d6b,
title = "Ethnicity and phonetic variation in Sheffield English liquids",
abstract = "This article reports a study of acoustic phonetic variation between ethnic groups in the realisation of the British English liquids /l/ and /ɹ/. Data are presented from {\textquoteleft}Anglo{\textquoteright} and {\textquoteleft}Asian{\textquoteright} native speakers of Sheffield English. Sheffield Anglo English is typically described as having {\textquoteleft}dark{\textquoteright} /l/, but there is some disagreement in the literature. British Asian speakers, on the other hand, are often described as producing much {\textquoteleft}clearer{\textquoteright} realisations of /l/, but the specific differences between varieties may vary by geographical location. Regression analysis of liquid steady states and Smoothing Spline ANOVAs of vocalic-liquid formant trajectories show consistent F2-F1 differences in /l/ between Anglo and Asian speakers in non-final contexts, which is suggestive of a strong distinction between varieties in terms of clearness/darkness. There is also evidence of a polarity effect in liquids, with differing relationships between liquid phonemes in each variety: Asian speakers produce /l/ with higher F2-F1 values than /ɹ/, and Anglo speakers produce /ɹ/ with higher F2-F1 values than /l/. The results are discussed in terms of phonetic variation in liquids and socioindexical factors in speech production.",
keywords = "liquids, acoustics, polarity, British Asian English, Sheffield English",
author = "Sam Kirkham",
note = "http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=IPA The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 47 (1), pp 17-35 2017, {\textcopyright} 2017 International Phonetic Association.",
year = "2017",
month = apr,
doi = "10.1017/S0025100316000268",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "17--35",
journal = "Journal of the International Phonetic Association",
issn = "0025-1003",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ethnicity and phonetic variation in Sheffield English liquids

AU - Kirkham, Sam

N1 - http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayJournal?jid=IPA The final, definitive version of this article has been published in the Journal, Journal of the International Phonetic Association, 47 (1), pp 17-35 2017, © 2017 International Phonetic Association.

PY - 2017/4

Y1 - 2017/4

N2 - This article reports a study of acoustic phonetic variation between ethnic groups in the realisation of the British English liquids /l/ and /ɹ/. Data are presented from ‘Anglo’ and ‘Asian’ native speakers of Sheffield English. Sheffield Anglo English is typically described as having ‘dark’ /l/, but there is some disagreement in the literature. British Asian speakers, on the other hand, are often described as producing much ‘clearer’ realisations of /l/, but the specific differences between varieties may vary by geographical location. Regression analysis of liquid steady states and Smoothing Spline ANOVAs of vocalic-liquid formant trajectories show consistent F2-F1 differences in /l/ between Anglo and Asian speakers in non-final contexts, which is suggestive of a strong distinction between varieties in terms of clearness/darkness. There is also evidence of a polarity effect in liquids, with differing relationships between liquid phonemes in each variety: Asian speakers produce /l/ with higher F2-F1 values than /ɹ/, and Anglo speakers produce /ɹ/ with higher F2-F1 values than /l/. The results are discussed in terms of phonetic variation in liquids and socioindexical factors in speech production.

AB - This article reports a study of acoustic phonetic variation between ethnic groups in the realisation of the British English liquids /l/ and /ɹ/. Data are presented from ‘Anglo’ and ‘Asian’ native speakers of Sheffield English. Sheffield Anglo English is typically described as having ‘dark’ /l/, but there is some disagreement in the literature. British Asian speakers, on the other hand, are often described as producing much ‘clearer’ realisations of /l/, but the specific differences between varieties may vary by geographical location. Regression analysis of liquid steady states and Smoothing Spline ANOVAs of vocalic-liquid formant trajectories show consistent F2-F1 differences in /l/ between Anglo and Asian speakers in non-final contexts, which is suggestive of a strong distinction between varieties in terms of clearness/darkness. There is also evidence of a polarity effect in liquids, with differing relationships between liquid phonemes in each variety: Asian speakers produce /l/ with higher F2-F1 values than /ɹ/, and Anglo speakers produce /ɹ/ with higher F2-F1 values than /l/. The results are discussed in terms of phonetic variation in liquids and socioindexical factors in speech production.

KW - liquids

KW - acoustics

KW - polarity

KW - British Asian English

KW - Sheffield English

U2 - 10.1017/S0025100316000268

DO - 10.1017/S0025100316000268

M3 - Journal article

VL - 47

SP - 17

EP - 35

JO - Journal of the International Phonetic Association

JF - Journal of the International Phonetic Association

SN - 0025-1003

IS - 1

ER -