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European semiarid Mediterranean ecosystems are sensitive to nitrogen deposition: impacts on plant communities and root phosphatase activity

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European semiarid Mediterranean ecosystems are sensitive to nitrogen deposition : impacts on plant communities and root phosphatase activity. / Ochoa-Hueso, Raul; Stevens, Carly J.

In: Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, Vol. 226, No. 2, 5, 01.02.2015.

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@article{db71f62857a34b4d992fb95799e6066a,
title = "European semiarid Mediterranean ecosystems are sensitive to nitrogen deposition: impacts on plant communities and root phosphatase activity",
abstract = "Nitrogen (N) deposition is predicted to impact on the structure and functioning of Mediterranean ecosystems. In this study, we measured plant species composition, production and root phosphatase activity in a field experiment in which N (0, 10, 20 and 50 kg N ha(-1) year(-1)) was added since October 2007 to a semiarid shrubland in central Spain. The characteristically dominant annual forb element responded negatively to N after similar to 2.5 and similar to 3.5 years. In contrast, the nitrophilous element (mainly crucifers) increased with N after similar to 2.5 and similar to 5.5 years, a response controlled by between-year variations in rainfall and the heterogeneous distribution of P availability. We also described a hierarchy of factors driving the structure and composition of the plant community: soil fertility was the most important driver, whereas calcareousness/acidity of soils and shrub cover played a secondary role; finally, N deposition contributed to explain a smaller fraction of the total variance, and its effects were predominantly negative, which was attributed to ammonium toxicity. Root phosphatase activity of three species was not responsive to N after similar to 2.5 years but there was a negative relationship with soil P in two of them. We conclude that increased N deposition in semiarid Mediterranean ecosystems of Europe can contribute to cause a shift in plant communities associated with an increase in the nitrophilous element and with a decline in abundance of various forb species adapted to the local conditions.",
keywords = "Ammonium, Calcareousness, Inorganic N, Local forbs, Mediterranean ecosystems, N deposition, Nitrophilous plants, Phosphorus availability, Shrub cover, Soil fertility, SOIL, PHOSPHORUS, GRASSLANDS, ENRICHMENT, FERTILITY, ADDITIONS, GRADIENT",
author = "Raul Ochoa-Hueso and Stevens, {Carly J.}",
year = "2015",
month = feb,
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s11270-014-2278-1",
language = "English",
volume = "226",
journal = "Water, Air, and Soil Pollution",
issn = "0049-6979",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - European semiarid Mediterranean ecosystems are sensitive to nitrogen deposition

T2 - impacts on plant communities and root phosphatase activity

AU - Ochoa-Hueso, Raul

AU - Stevens, Carly J.

PY - 2015/2/1

Y1 - 2015/2/1

N2 - Nitrogen (N) deposition is predicted to impact on the structure and functioning of Mediterranean ecosystems. In this study, we measured plant species composition, production and root phosphatase activity in a field experiment in which N (0, 10, 20 and 50 kg N ha(-1) year(-1)) was added since October 2007 to a semiarid shrubland in central Spain. The characteristically dominant annual forb element responded negatively to N after similar to 2.5 and similar to 3.5 years. In contrast, the nitrophilous element (mainly crucifers) increased with N after similar to 2.5 and similar to 5.5 years, a response controlled by between-year variations in rainfall and the heterogeneous distribution of P availability. We also described a hierarchy of factors driving the structure and composition of the plant community: soil fertility was the most important driver, whereas calcareousness/acidity of soils and shrub cover played a secondary role; finally, N deposition contributed to explain a smaller fraction of the total variance, and its effects were predominantly negative, which was attributed to ammonium toxicity. Root phosphatase activity of three species was not responsive to N after similar to 2.5 years but there was a negative relationship with soil P in two of them. We conclude that increased N deposition in semiarid Mediterranean ecosystems of Europe can contribute to cause a shift in plant communities associated with an increase in the nitrophilous element and with a decline in abundance of various forb species adapted to the local conditions.

AB - Nitrogen (N) deposition is predicted to impact on the structure and functioning of Mediterranean ecosystems. In this study, we measured plant species composition, production and root phosphatase activity in a field experiment in which N (0, 10, 20 and 50 kg N ha(-1) year(-1)) was added since October 2007 to a semiarid shrubland in central Spain. The characteristically dominant annual forb element responded negatively to N after similar to 2.5 and similar to 3.5 years. In contrast, the nitrophilous element (mainly crucifers) increased with N after similar to 2.5 and similar to 5.5 years, a response controlled by between-year variations in rainfall and the heterogeneous distribution of P availability. We also described a hierarchy of factors driving the structure and composition of the plant community: soil fertility was the most important driver, whereas calcareousness/acidity of soils and shrub cover played a secondary role; finally, N deposition contributed to explain a smaller fraction of the total variance, and its effects were predominantly negative, which was attributed to ammonium toxicity. Root phosphatase activity of three species was not responsive to N after similar to 2.5 years but there was a negative relationship with soil P in two of them. We conclude that increased N deposition in semiarid Mediterranean ecosystems of Europe can contribute to cause a shift in plant communities associated with an increase in the nitrophilous element and with a decline in abundance of various forb species adapted to the local conditions.

KW - Ammonium

KW - Calcareousness

KW - Inorganic N

KW - Local forbs

KW - Mediterranean ecosystems

KW - N deposition

KW - Nitrophilous plants

KW - Phosphorus availability

KW - Shrub cover

KW - Soil fertility

KW - SOIL

KW - PHOSPHORUS

KW - GRASSLANDS

KW - ENRICHMENT

KW - FERTILITY

KW - ADDITIONS

KW - GRADIENT

U2 - 10.1007/s11270-014-2278-1

DO - 10.1007/s11270-014-2278-1

M3 - Journal article

VL - 226

JO - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

JF - Water, Air, and Soil Pollution

SN - 0049-6979

IS - 2

M1 - 5

ER -