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Evacuation Behavior in a Subway Train Emergency: A Video-based Analysis

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Evacuation Behavior in a Subway Train Emergency : A Video-based Analysis. / Philpot, Richard; Levine, Mark.

In: Environment and Behavior, 09.07.2021.

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@article{f35d870334fd4afb9131606014197ca0,
title = "Evacuation Behavior in a Subway Train Emergency: A Video-based Analysis",
abstract = "How do people behave in the seconds after they become aware they have been caught up in a real-life transport emergency? This paper presents the first micro-behavioral, video-based analysis of the behavior of passengers during a small explosion and subsequent fire on a subway train. We analyzed the behavior of 40 passengers present in the same carriage as the explosion. We documented the first action of the passengers following the onset of the emergency and described evidence of pro- and anti-social behavior. Passengers{\textquoteright} first actions varied widely. Moreover, anti-social behavior was rare and displays of pro-sociality were more common. In a quantitative analysis, we examined spatial clustering of running behavior and patterns in passenger exit choices. We found both homogeneity and heterogeneity in the running behavior and exiting choices of passengers. We discuss the implications of these findings for the mass emergency literature and for evacuation modeling.",
keywords = "emergencies, evacuations, fire, public behavior, crowd dynamics, panic, social influence, pro-sociality, video analysis",
author = "Richard Philpot and Mark Levine",
year = "2021",
month = jul,
day = "9",
doi = "10.1177/00139165211031193",
language = "English",
journal = "Environment and Behavior",
issn = "0013-9165",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Ltd",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Evacuation Behavior in a Subway Train Emergency

T2 - A Video-based Analysis

AU - Philpot, Richard

AU - Levine, Mark

PY - 2021/7/9

Y1 - 2021/7/9

N2 - How do people behave in the seconds after they become aware they have been caught up in a real-life transport emergency? This paper presents the first micro-behavioral, video-based analysis of the behavior of passengers during a small explosion and subsequent fire on a subway train. We analyzed the behavior of 40 passengers present in the same carriage as the explosion. We documented the first action of the passengers following the onset of the emergency and described evidence of pro- and anti-social behavior. Passengers’ first actions varied widely. Moreover, anti-social behavior was rare and displays of pro-sociality were more common. In a quantitative analysis, we examined spatial clustering of running behavior and patterns in passenger exit choices. We found both homogeneity and heterogeneity in the running behavior and exiting choices of passengers. We discuss the implications of these findings for the mass emergency literature and for evacuation modeling.

AB - How do people behave in the seconds after they become aware they have been caught up in a real-life transport emergency? This paper presents the first micro-behavioral, video-based analysis of the behavior of passengers during a small explosion and subsequent fire on a subway train. We analyzed the behavior of 40 passengers present in the same carriage as the explosion. We documented the first action of the passengers following the onset of the emergency and described evidence of pro- and anti-social behavior. Passengers’ first actions varied widely. Moreover, anti-social behavior was rare and displays of pro-sociality were more common. In a quantitative analysis, we examined spatial clustering of running behavior and patterns in passenger exit choices. We found both homogeneity and heterogeneity in the running behavior and exiting choices of passengers. We discuss the implications of these findings for the mass emergency literature and for evacuation modeling.

KW - emergencies

KW - evacuations

KW - fire

KW - public behavior

KW - crowd dynamics

KW - panic

KW - social influence

KW - pro-sociality

KW - video analysis

U2 - 10.1177/00139165211031193

DO - 10.1177/00139165211031193

M3 - Journal article

JO - Environment and Behavior

JF - Environment and Behavior

SN - 0013-9165

ER -